About us

Our Vision Our Mission Our Values

Our Vision

You Dream; We Build, Operate and Maintain.

We envision Jabel Oil Services to expand capabilities in Engineering, Procurement, Construction, Operation and Maintenance worldwide. If it has to be built, operated, and maintained, we at Jabel Oil Services will work it for you.


Our Mission

Jabel Oil Services (JOS) is the World Partner in Engineering, Procurement, Construction, Operation and Maintenance.

On our mission, Jabel Oil Services searched people worldwide to provide clients with experienced specialists. Jabel Oil Services ensure that workers perform at highest industrial safety and quality standards.


Our Values

We value the philosophy of starting and completing projects on time and on budget with highest standards in safety and quality for the satisfaction of our valued clients.


Jabel Oil Services (JOS) takes the opportunity to extend our greetings to all your good selves and to express our best wishes for the success of your operation in LIBYA.

Jabel Oil Services (JOS) is a private Libyan Company established almost twenty (20) years ago whose primary aim is to engage in Engineering, Construction, Technical Manpower Services, Maintenance & Repair in Oil Refineries, Storage Facilities and Petrochemical Plants. Our company intends to provide oil field support and services to the national and international Oil Companies in exploration and production activities.

The company started with the philosophy of starting and completing the projects in accordance with International Standards & Specifications to the satisfaction of our valued clients. This philosophy has been maintained since the establishment of the company that earned for itself the trust and confidence of our clients.

To maintain credibility and trust with our clients, we engaged the services of our fully experienced Engineers, Supervisors and Craftsmen who will ensure the highest standards of performance in every aspect of our project and maintain work quality in accordance with international Standards and practices.

We are greatly proud of presenting our prequalification statements and we hope that we could establish with our good selves a better working relations and cooperation in the near future.

Our Services

Jabel Oil Services (JOS) undertakes Construction Works, Maintenance / Repair, Rehabilitation and revamping Works for Oil & Gas Fields, including Engineering Design & Materials Procurement Services as well as Technical Manpower Services to clients. With the philosophy of completing the projects and supplying Technical Manpower Services to meet client's satisfaction, Jabel Oil Services (JOS) continues to be trusted by its clients.

Construction Services

Construction, Testing and commissioning for Oil & Gas Field facilities including pipelines, trunk lines, process piping...

Construction Services

  • Construction, Testing and commissioning for Oil & Gas Field facilities including pipelines, trunk lines, process piping and facilities.
  • Oil and Gas Processing plant.
  • Crude oil and products storage tanks up to 500,000 barrels in capacity.
  • Construction and refurbishment of accommodation blocks suitable to desert conditions according to BS, ASTM, and ACI standards.

Maintenance Services

Maintenance/Repair and Revamping works for Oil & Gas Field facilities such as Stationary and Rotating equipments, Separators...

Maintenance Services

  • Maintenance/Repair and Revamping works for Oil & Gas Field facilities such as Stationary and Rotating equipments, Separators, Desalination plant, Boilers, Skimmers, Dehydrators, Scrubbers, Gas Boots and Production Tanks, etc. and assorted equipments.
  • Repair / Maintenance of underground cross country pipeline up to 42 inch in diameter.
  • Maintenance of crude oil storage tanks and various product storage and utility tanks. Activities include repair and replacement of tank appurtenances, bottom plate and roof plate, supply of foam dam seal plate and weather shield for floating roof tanks, etc.
  • Maintenance / repair of oil / gas pipelines up to 42'' inside diameter.
  • Cleaning inspection of pipelines up to 42'' inside.

Material Procurement

We are in position to provide & supply with different material such us: Piping & fitting in different material & grade...

Procurement Services

We are in position to provide & supply with different material such us:

  • Piping & fitting in different material & grade.
  • Gasket & sealing check.
  • Valves (Ball, Gate, etc.).
  • Insulations.

Note: material to be controlled by international standard & specification requirement such as API, ESMI, ASTM & B.S


Design & Engineering

We can prepare the following document such us: Pipe and Instrument diagram, Flow diagram. Electrical cables connection...

Design & Engineering

We can prepare the following document such us:

  • Pipe and Instrument diagram, Flow diagram.
  • Piping layout.
  • Electrical cables connection & distribution.
  • Material List.
  • Project schedule and cost.

Manpower Supply

We can provide the client with Manpower Supply to cover the operation end users. Our Manpower is well selected...

Manpower Supply

We can provide the client with Manpower Supply to cover the operation end users. Our Manpower is well selected around the world and supplied according to job description requirement with high standards complying with the Oil and Gas industries level.


Catering Services

Our wide range of Catering (Food and Housekeeping) Services include: Purchase of all food and cleaning material...

Catering Services

Our wide range of Catering (Food and Housekeeping) Services include:

  • Purchase of all food and cleaning material.
  • Deliveries of food items and cleaning items to the camp by refrigerated trucks.
  • Preparation of 3 meals per day (Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner)
  • Cleaning Kitchens and Dining Rooms after every service.
  • Keep stores freezers and chillers clean at all time.
  • Provide laundry services as follow:
    • Wash and press personal and working clothese twice per week.
    • Wash bed sheets, pillow cases and towels twice per week.
  • Provide house keeping services as follows:
    • Clean beadroms and make beds once per day
    • Change and wash sheets pillow cases and towels twice per week or at every change of resident
    • Clean accomodation once per day
    • Provision of one soap bar and small box of soap powder every week
    • Clean blocks three times per day
    • Collection of light garbage around the builing daily.
    • Recurit catering personnel, pay wages, leave salaries, visas, food etc.
    • Provision of professional catering uniforms.

Manpower List

Following is a list of wide range of Specialized Categories from which Jable Oilfield Services offers its Manpower Supply Services:

  • A/C Technician
  • Accountant
  • Administration Staff
  • Assistant Camp Boss
  • Auto Denter
  • Auto Electrician
  • Backhoe Operator
  • Boom truck Operator
  • Bus Driver
  • Cable shop Electrician
  • Cable Splicer
  • Camp boss
  • Camp maintenance
  • Car Painter
  • Carpenter
  • Civil Engineer
  • Civil Inspector
  • CNC Operator
  • Comm. Technician
  • Comm. Tower Rigger
  • Corrosion Engineer
  • Crane Operator
  • Diesel Mechanic
  • Document Controller
  • Driver
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Electrical Technician
  • Environmental specialist
  • Fire Alarm Technician
  • Fire Commander
  • Fire Engineer
  • Fire Safety Specialist
  • Fireman
  • Foreman Lineman
  • Foreman Welder
  • Gas Mechanic
  • H.E. Mechanic
  • Head of Travel Department
  • HSE Drilling Advisor
  • HSE Specialist
  • HSEMS Advisor
  • HSEMS Coordinator
  • Instrument Inspector
  • Instrument Technician
  • Laborer
  • Land Surveyor
  • Lineman
  • Material Controller
  • Material Specialist
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Mechanical Specialist
  • Painter
  • Photocopy Technician
  • Pipefitter
  • Piping Engineer
  • Piping Supervisor
  • Plumber
  • Project Engineer
  • Purchaser
  • Rotating Mechanic
  • Safety Engineer
  • Safety Officer
  • Safety Specialist
  • Skilled Labor
  • Sr. Civil Inspector
  • Sr. Diesel Mechanic
  • Sr. Environmental Advisor
  • Sr. Instrument Technician
  • Storekeeper
  • Tank & Vessel Inspector
  • Timesheet Coordinator
  • Training coordinator
  • Welders Plate and Pipe
  • Welding Foreman
  • Welding Technician

jabel oilfield services is focused on providing quality-oriented solutions to its clients

Our Policies

It is the policy of Jabel Oil Services to provide its customers, competitive solutions. Following sections will help you understand why we do not compromise when it comes to achieving quality in our work.

HESQ Policies

Life is too important to be taken seriously. That’s why we put Safety First! JOS has established wide range of policies and procedures to minimize industrial hazards while protecting lives of JOE’s workforce and citizen.

  • Acidizing



    • The pumping of any type of acid at all JOS operated concessions and field locations.

    Potential Hazards

    • Pressure
    • Toxic Fluids
    • Static Electricity
    • Pressure Testing


    • Acid zing operations are site specific, make sure you have standard operating procedure (SOP) for each operation

    Equipment spacing

    • Be aware of prevailing wind direction, keep people and equipment up wind if possible
    • Have at least 2 separate escape routes identified and marked
    • What’s above you? Any power lines for example?
    • Fire protection equipment
    • May need a fire truck* in attendance if pumping flammable / energized fluids
    • Have at least one continuous foam unit in attendance
    • Are fire hoses clean?
    • Is fluid flow acceptable?
    • Minimum two hoses deployed on hand.
    • Fire extinguishers deployed around the site, can everyone use them.
    • Are they the right type?

    Note: It can also be used in emergency if someone gets splashed with chemical, use to wash down

    General PPE, Chemical Mixing/Handling

    • Everyone charged with mixing/transfer of chemicals must wear rubber boots, aprons and gloves that are impervious( to privent ) to the chemical being handled
    • Carry out a chemical PPE assessment to determine the actual PPE to be worn and to identify any specific hazards of the job
    • Damaged/punctured PPE must be discarded (not to be used)
    • Anyone exposed to vapors must wear full face respirators with appropriate cartridges (i.e. rated for the specific chemical in use)
    • At least two eyewash stations must be available on site and at least one shower, make sure they have all been function tested and that the water quality is acceptable
    • Anyone exposed to the acid blend fluids during mixing/pumping must immediately remove PPE and clothing and then have a shower
    • All contaminated clothing must be discarded
    • Acid additives preferably bind (combined )to protein (i.e. skin, hair, leather etc) so when the work is completed PPE must be rinsed off and the individuals take a shower
    • Cordon off the area, erect warning signs banning unauthorized entry
    • There shall be no eating, drinking or smoking on/at the work site by anyone. Remove PPE and wash thoroughly before eating drinking or smoking


    • API Recommended Practice (RP) 54
    • JOS HSE Standards Manual
    • Hydrogen Sulfide Safety – H 006
    • Personal Protective Equipment – P 002
    • Electricity – E 002
    • Pressure Testing – P 008
  • Asbestos



    To communicate procedure associated with Asbestos Containing Material (ACM)


    Any material containing over 1% asbestos estimated by volume is defined as Asbestos Containing Material (ACM)

    Potential Hazards

    Asbestos fibers, if advertently inhaled, can contribute to the development of associated lung diseases such as cancer and mesothelioma.


    • Prior to work being perform each worksite where ACM is present should develop a site specific asbestos handling procedure.
    • Insulation containing material not clearly identified as asbestos free (or equivalent wording) should either be treated as ACM or analyzed phase contrast microscopy to determine if asbestos is present in the material.


    It is a responsibility of every supervisor to ensure protection steps against the potentials hazards above are implemented and carried out

    Control of Asbestos

    Worksite must be keep clean and free of asbestos dust accumulation it is prohibited to clean asbestos dust using compressed air stream. Personnel who carry out cleaning operation must wear appropriate PPE and respirator

    Asbestos Precaution
    • Bags used as asbestos container mustn’t be penetrable by asbestos fiber
    • Asbestos or asbestos waste except asbestos cement or its engaged material cannot be stored, distributed, or delivered without closed container
    • All container containing asbestos or asbestos waste must have sign; “Asbestos Containing Material do not Inhale “except asbestos cement products and asbestos which engaged by other material
    • Bags of asbestos must be disposed in a way so that it cannot be re-used
    • Asbestos waste must be disposed by dispersing evenly in the pit then filled out with soil at least 25 cm thick; or other approved practice.


    • General industry standard 29 CFR –OSHA 1910.1001 asbestos.
    • Construction standard 29 CFR – OSHA 1926. 1101 asbestos.
    • 29CFR – OSHA 1910. 132 – Personal protective equipment.
    • 29CFR – OSHA 1910. 134 – Respiratory protection.
    • 40 CFR – NESHAPS delegations 40 CFR 61.
    • department of transportation-hazardous materials DOT 49 CFR 171-173
  • Catering



    • To contribute an enjoyable dining experience
    • To prevent injury or illness caused by catering activities throughout the JOS operations.
    • As standard procedures to handle food safely, healthy, environmental friendly, and efficiently.
    • To contribute an enjoyable dining experience.


    • Standards Manual applies to all personnel in JOS


    • Defrost: Make or become free of frost or ice
    • Reheating: To heat a food again so it will ready to serve.
    • Toast: To heat and brown (bread, for example) by placing in a toaster or an oven or close to a fire.
    • The Danger Zone: Condition in temperature between 4.5o to 60o C when bacteria grow most rapidly, doubling in number in as little as 20 minutes.
    • Pest: An annoying animal.
    • Insecticides: A chemical substance used to kill insects.
    • Rodenticides: A chemical substance used to kill rodents.
    • Liquors: Alcoholic beverage.
    • Freeze : The withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid -18o to -5o C
    • Chill: A moderate but penetrating coldness 1o to 4o C.
    • Moldy: Contains any of various fungi that often cause disintegration of organic matter.
    • Refrigerator: An appliance, cabinet, or room for storing food or other substances at a low temperature.
    • Meat: The edible flesh of animals, especially that of mammals as opposed to that of fish or poultry
    • Poultry: Flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese rose for food.
    • Marinade: To soak meat, fowl, fish, or vegetables in a liquid mixture, usually of vinegar or wine and oil with various spices and herbs, before cooking.
    • Brining: To immerse, preserve, or pickle in salt water.
    • Leftover: Food remaining from a previous meal.
    • Disposal: The act or process of getting rid of something.
    • Influenza symptoms: experience of chills; fever (above 38C); muscle pain, sneezing, headache, soar throat, dry and hacking cough, chest pain.


    • Roles and Responsibilities: The roles and responsibilities for ensuring high standards of safety, health and hygiene, at field catering facilities rest with the contractor-catering supervisor at the work site. However, the accountability lies with the Area Superintendent
    • Safety and Health Hazard: Safety and Health hazards, which are common to all these facilities, regardless of type, are caused by: harmful bacteria (protozoa), virus, chemical, pesticide, metal (lead, copper), poisonous plant, fires, disease, animals (e.g.: rats, cats, dogs, insects, worms), sharp objects. Avoid The Danger Zone, between 4.5o - 60o C.
    • Catering Personnel Hygiene: All catering personnel required to handle or prepare food shall be screened at recruitment regarding their past history and periodical return from day-off of any illnesses e.g.: typhoid, paratyphoid, diarrhea, dysentery, tuberculosis, hepatitis, skin diseases, and influenza symptoms. Catering personnel must report any illness to the Doctor on duty if he/she suffering from those diseases. Personnel with cut and/or long fingernails shall not be allowed to handle food.
    • Pest Control: All food must be protected from contamination by birds, insects, rodents, or other pets. Insecticides and rodenticides in required area must only be carried out by trained pest control personnel.
    • Cleaning of Facility: Kitchen and dining structural, and equipment surfaces must be constructed of washable materials (smooth impervious and easy to clean), which can be effectively cleaned from germs. No dusting or sweeping activities shall be carried out during food preparation and serving. Cleaning must be conducted in conjunction with handling instruction of cleansing agent provided by the manufacturer.
    • Prohibited Items: The following items are prohibited to serve in JOS operation: fresh crabs, fresh shells, fresh oysters, and liquors.

    Supply & Receving Material

    • Foodstuff must be delivered to receiving point in good quality. Food temperature, conditions and date code must be checked on the receipt of goods. Store Keeper is responsible for ensuring the quality of foodstuff upon receipt.
    • Discarded any meat or poultry that have off odor, sticky or tacky to the touch, or slimy.
    • Each meat and poultry must be delivered separately in a single plastic wrap.
    • Corroded, punctured, bulging, lead soldered and dent canned and expired foodstuffs are not accepted.
    • Foodstuff shall be delivered in the mode of freeze (meat, fish), dry (soft drink, rice, sugar, flour, noodles, etc.) and chill (vegetables, fruit, fresh milk, eggs) as per requirement. Do not freeze canned food or eggs in shell.
    • Transportation containers to deliver foodstuff shall be in good shape and condition (appropriate temperature, no dent, no corrosion).
    • Re-usable plastic baskets shall be used to deliver vegetables, fruits and eggs. No wooden boxes are acceptable. Re-use of carton boxes ex cleaning agents or lube oil for packing food is prohibited.
    • Eggs shall be washed thoroughly in 50 – 55 o C. prior to storing. Cracked egg shall be discarded.


    • Storage must facilitate rotation of stock; the FIFO (First In First Out) principle must be followed at all time.
    • Food stock shall be separately stored from all other items (linen, disposable, cleaning material, stationery, pesticide, etc.). COSHH STORE
    • All raw food shall be separately stored from cooked and prepared food.
    • Keep all meat and poultry in its package until using. Discard any foods that have been contaminated by raw meat juices.
    • Keep food containers off the floor. (use Pallets)
    • Storage of dried and canned food must be dry, cool and well-lit, well -ventilated, pests proof, and kept clean and tidy. Deep freezers must only be used for frozen product. The freezer shall run at minus 18 deg Celsius, while chiller shall run at 4 deg Celsius. Freezer and chiller temperature must be monitored and recorded daily by Store Keeper. Avoid overfill of refrigerator, and never leave perishable goods out of the refrigerator over two hours.
    • Storage must be free of pest, contamination and corrosion.
    • All doors opening to the exterior of the chiller and/or refrigerator shall be flush fitting to prevent entry of pests.
    • Inside door opening must be fitted in all Walk-in Freezer and chiller.
    • All moldy food shall be immediately discarded from storage. Don’t sniff on them.

    Food Preparation

    • Personnel Hygiene
    • Bad habits such nose/ear picking, spitting, nail biting, finger licking, chatting, eating or drinking must be avoided at all time during food preparation and service areas.
    • Always wash hands with warm soapy water before and after preparing food for at least 30 second.
    • Use disposable tissue if coughing and sneezing, and always wash hands after coughing and sneezing into them.
    • Protective clothing (uniform and apron), glove, and cap must be worn and maintained in a clean condition.
    • Never touch food with bare hands, use disposable plastic gloves/utensils.
    • No Smoking


    • Thawing of frozen meat, poultry and fish slowly in the refrigerator for meat preparation instead of preheating or reheating. Never thaw at room temperature (22oC) neither use hot water.
    • Always marinate or brining food in the refrigerator, not in the counter. Never use leftover marinates or brine.
    • Meat, poultry, and fish must always be separated from sauce or stocks during cooling and refrigeration.
    • Don’t keep eggs out of refrigerator more than 2 hours.
    • Raw eggs dishes, cold dessert, and cold sauces made with raw eggs are forbidden.
    • Fresh vegetables and salad items must be thoroughly washed in cold water containing chlorine salad wash, according to manufacturers recommended dilution and left for 15 minutes. Inspect all items for traces of insects, caterpillars, slugs, or other foreign material. Cut away any damage or bruised area. Immediately refrigerate any fresh-cut items such as salad or fruit.
    • Use up milk, canned fruit/vegetables/juices, once the container is open.
    • Once the can is opened move the content to a clean container and refrigerate them promptly. Remove can lid completely. Do not put any kitchen utensils into the container.
    • Reheating of leftover food is not acceptable.
    • Clean all foods thoroughly.


    • Use plastic cutting board instead of wooden cutting board.
    • Use different cutting board and knife for meat, fish, vegetables, fruit, bread/cake and chili.
    • Clean all kitchen equipment including the cutting board and any utensils before and after preparing food. Use hot soapy water.
    • Disinfect cutting boards using a solution of 2 tsp of household bleach in 1 liter of hot water. Wash the board thoroughly after disinfecting.
    • Replace cutting board periodically
    • Don’t use the same platter and utensils for raw and cooked meat or poultry.
    • Use only electrical range stove that can reach more than 163o C.
    • Use a fresh solution of detergent/sanitizer before starting work on a preparation bench, between jobs on the same bench, at the end of the day, first thing in the next morning.
    • Use disposable paper towels for wiping, eliminating tea towels and similar fabrics.
    • Can openers must be kept clean and sterilized at least once per day.
    • Blades must be sharp free from damage, renewed as necessary and kept clean.
    • Food cans/containers must be washed thoroughly prior to opening.
    • Defect kitchen utensils shall not be used.
    • All kitchen utensils must be maintained and cleaned.
    • Use a wooden tamper when operating food choppers and meat grinders.
    • Cook red meat and eggs to 70o C, poultry 80o C, use a food thermometer to make sure the food has reached a safe internal temperature. Make sure to check temperature in the wing joint for poultry. To check visually, red meat is done when it is brown or grey inside, poultry juices run clear.
    • Cooking shall not be interrupted. Never refrigerate partially cooked product to later finish cooking on the grill or in the oven.
    • Bring sauces, soups, and gravy to boil.
    • Never taste

    Food Serving

    • Wash hands with soap and warm water before serving food.
    • Serve cooked products on clean plates with clean utensils.
    • Defective drinking or eating utensils must be discarded immediately.
    • Hot food shall be kept above 60o C until served.
    • Cold dish temperature must be below 5o C.
    • No superfluous decoration of food serving shall be used.
    • Do not share food, cups, straws and hand towels.
    • Do not put your forks, spoons, into communal dishes.

    Leftover & Disposal

    • Wash hands with warm and soapy water before and after handling leftovers.
    • Discard any food left out at room temperature (22o C) for more than 2 hour, 1 hour if the room temperature more than 32o C.
    • Clean and dirty items shall be handled separately.
    • Wash cycle temperature for washing machine is 49 – 60o C. The rinse cycle temperature is 66 - 82o C.
    • Never use wire wool to wash metal pot sauce
    • Use separate basins for washing and rinsing.
    • All kitchen garbage must be placed in covered containers, which have either plastic bin liners or plastic bags inside them.
    • Garbage shall be buried without the plastic bags in a prepared trench and covered with at least 50 yards from the kitchen and eating area.
    • Bio-degradable bags, incinerator


    • Area Superintendent is responsible to ensure that all catering staffs are trained.
    • In accordance with HSE STANDARDS MANUAL Section T003.


    • Mechanism of catering audit/inspections conducted by JOS consists of Self (semiannually),
    • Weekly and impromptu. In addition to these inspections, the contractor management is required to conduct self-inspection between JOS Self audits.

    Food Posining Outbreak

    Complain on foreign body/unfit food shall be investigated and necessary action shall be taken. Food poisoning outbreak shall be investigated and the following action shall be taken:

    • Stop serving the suspected food
    • Isolate and take sample of the suspected food to the laboratory test

    Food Poisoning occurs 4-12 hours after ingestion (after the meal is served) The Area Superintendent shall obtain medical guidance to overcome the issue.


    • Consumer Education and Information from US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
    • OSHA Standard No. 1910.1200
    • COSH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health)
  • Chemical Handling

    Chemical Handling, Usage and Labeling

    Potential Hazards

    • Hazardous Chemicals
    • Static Electricity
    • Combustible/Toxic Fluid
    • Corrosive
    • Human affects
    • personal injury
    • Heat


    Master Chemical Inventory List
    • Each site will conduct an inventory of chemicals that are under their control. The inventory will be conducted annually or when new sites become operational.
    • The master chemical list will be updated to include any new chemicals or in response to product name changes.
    • Unknown chemicals or chemicals not on the master list shall not be released until a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) can be obtained and reviewed. After reviewing the MSDS and training employees, the chemical may be released.
    • Chemicals that are no longer in use should be removed from the master list but retained until all of the chemical has been removed from the site
    Material Safety Data Sheet

    An MSDS is the basic reference source of safety and health information for chemicals in the workplace (OSHA 1910.1200). An MSDS for each chemical used in the workplace must be available to all employees and can be obtained from the chemical manufacturer.

    Each MSDS Must Contain the following:
    • Identity used on the label, including chemical and common names of material and ingredients, if a mixture.
    • Physical and chemical characteristics
    • Physical hazards (of the hazardous chemical), including any potential for fire, explosion, and reactivity.
    Health hazards, including:
    • Signs/symptoms of exposure
    • Permissible exposure limits
    • Primary routes of entry
    • Identity as a carcinogen, if applicable
    General applicable control measures:
    • Precautions for safe handling and use
    • Emergency and first aid procedures
    • Date of MSDS preparation or update
    • Contact information for MSDS preparer who can provide additional info
    • Labels must include the name of the hazardous material, appropriate warnings, managing used, surplus, out-of-date chemicals, chemical storage, the name and address of the manufacturer. The Supervisor is responsible for confirming ensuring that employees attach and maintain the appropriate label (s).
    • MSDS must be accompany chemical /substances when transferred to field operations
    • Every drum/bag/sack/bucket should have the following information stenciled (paper labels only are not acceptable) on its side: gross/net weight, product name, manufacturer’s name, chemical type (antifoam, scale inhibitor, etc.), manufacturer’s batch or quality control number, warning labels (paper label acceptable either on the drum or on a placard for pallected bags/sacks/buckets to indicate material as corrosive, flammable, etc.). For drums, the product name must also be stenciled on the top of the drum. A complete each pallet of drums/bags/sacks/bucket.
    • Bulk containers (stainless steel, Shutz-type, Tote, etc.) must contain the aforementioned information on a placard attached to the tank body. All valves must be protected from accidental rupture/damage, e.g. valve is inset with respect to the bulk tank body.
    • Additional signage for areas or tanks devoted to chemicals with like hazards may be required (e.g. flammable, caustic, poison signs). Site Managers and Supervisors shall check with their Safety Supervisor.
    The following labeling system will be used if the manufacturer’s label is insufficient:

    Attachment of JOS label will be done by the employee or Supervisor at the time of receiving material. The label will include:

    • Name of the product/chemical
    • Appropriate hazard warnings (this will denote as a minimum, the health, reactivity and fire hazards).
    • List of required protective equipment for employees working with the material.
    • When transferring a hazardous material from one container into another, the employee performing the transfer must apply a label on the new container noting the information from the original container. The employee performing the transfer is responsible for correctly completing and applying the label.
    • Contractors are responsible for assuring that all of their containers of materials are labeled properly. Contractors are informed about the provisions of this chemical handling program during pre-job contractor safety orientation meetings.

    Labeling Expectations

    • A hazardous chemical that was transferred from a labeled container into a portable container and which is intended for immediate use by the employee who performs the transfer. The container must be under the employees control and used immediately.
    • Containers that already have a label with the required information.
    • Any consumer product or substance when used in the workplace in the same manner as normal consumer use.
    • All drums/bags/sacks/buckets must be properly pallete/strapped and plastic wrapped to protect against the elements. For drums (200 liter or 55 USG), pallets should contain a maximum of four drums per pallet. Odd drums (the remaining one, two or three) should be centered on the pallet. For bags/sacks/buckets, pallets should contain a maximum of 20 x 50 kilograms or a maximum of 44 x 50 lbs. bags/sacks/buckets per pallet. Odd bags/sack/buckets should be centered on the same type pallet. When Operations require partial drums for the field (e.g. acid jobs, fracs, etc.), only the amount needed should be taken. For example, if the program calls for 16 gallons from a 55-gallon drum, take only that amount to the field/point of application in a chemically compatible and secure container (e.g. jerry can, bucket with sealing lid). Transfer of chemicals to smaller containers should be performed by trained persons utilizing proper equipment at the warehouse or storage area reducing the risk of contaminating an entire drum. All containers sent to the field or used within the field must be properly identified with a permanent label. Never place any other chemicals in small containers once it has been used. After the job, dispose of all small containers properly. Unused excess chemicals in small containers can be returned for storage but must be kept separate from main chemical stocks in the small container.
    • In acid jobs you are allowed a margin of error so attempts should be made to utilize whole units that are easily transferred to the field such as drums, buckets, sacks, five/three/two/one-gallon Jerry cans, etc. For instance, the mutual solvent can be between 4 to 5 % so if the calculations for the program calls for 63 gallons, just go with 55 or one complete unit. Once a chemical has been taken from its original container, never return it to its original container. The risk of contamination or even worse violent reaction is too great.
    • Never stick a common transfer pump suction tube into any drum you are going to re-seal. Pour-out the chemical you need. Never stick a contaminated suction hose into a drum, if you do not plan on using its entire contents. Should you need to transfer chemicals via a portable handheld drum transfer pump (offshore only), then have a dedicated pump for each specific chemical type.
    • No drums should be poured in the field (unless offshore). As stated above, all disbursement from an original container must be done in the warehouse or by qualified personnel offshore. That way all you do is tighten down the bung seal, when you are done. The drum still has its original label and will not need any special storage modifications. An open drum must be so identified and must be the first choice for disbursement for the next job


    • Extreme caution must be used when handling or using any chemical. Consult the product’s MSDS before handling/usage.
    • Selection of hand protection shall be based on evaluation of the task being performed, conditions present, duration of exposure, potential hazards identified, and performance characteristics of glove material. Refer to the location’s PPE Hazard Assessment.
    • Special precautions should be taken to avoid gloves being pulled into moving equipment.


    Employees working in areas where hazardous materials are or may be used will undergo the training for specific hazardous materials consisting of:

    • Review of MSDS for chemicals specific to their work environment.
    • Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work area.
    • The physical and health hazards of chemicals in the work area.
    • The measures that can be taken to protect employees from these hazards, such as appropriate work practices, emergency procedures, personal protective equipment, and engineering controls.
    • Detailed explanation of the labeling system and the Material Safety Data Sheet, and how employees can obtain and use the appropriate hazard information.
    • Employee training and understanding shall be certified in a written document containing the name of the employee trained, the date(s) of training, and identification of the subject of training.


    • ANSI Z400.1
    • ANSI Z535.3
    • OSHA 1910.120
  • Compressed Gas Cylinders

    Compressed Gas Cylinders

    Potential Hazards

    • Fire / Explosion
    • Burn injuries
    • Eye / Face injuries
    • Asphyxiation


    • Compressed gas contained in cylinders is potentially dangerous and should be treated with care. The following guidelines shall apply to all compressed gases in cylinders and in particular to oxygen, propane and dissolved acetylene.
    • The Compressed gas cylinders in use must be stored in an upright position and secured by the use of carts, racks, chains, straps, etc.
    • No fittings or equipment containing above 90% copper (except burner tip) shall be used with acetylene, as copper in contact with acetylene may form a dangerously explosive compound, copper acetylated.

    To avoid acetone carry-over from acetylene cylinders, the following points must be observed:

    • Discharge pressure shall not exceed 9 psi at the regulator
    • Settling periods as follows shall be strictly observed
    • 24 hours after unloading a cylinder from a supply boat or lorry.
    • 24 hours after moving a cylinder around the platform or terminal.
    • The use of lead washers or any kind of packing in the valve joints shall be forbidden. Packing, particularly lead or copper, tends to get forced into the orifice causing a blockage; its subsequent extraction is attended by grave risk.
    • Cylinders with faulty valve joints, stuck valve spindles, or valve leakage shall be returned immediately to stores with a note stating the cylinder number, nature of the fault and whether the cylinder is charged. Under no circumstances shall the user of the cylinder attempt any repair.
    • NOTE: All cylinder valve spindles have right handed threads.
    • Only standard valve keys shall be used and cylinder valves shall always be opened slowly by gently tapping the key. Cylinder valves shall always be closed when the cylinders are empty or not in use. Keys with long leverage should never be employed to force a valve to close. If the valve leaks when closed it is usually due to grit and this can often be removed by opening the valve slowly and closing it sharply.
    • All cylinders shall have a valve protection device, either a welded-on cage or a screw on cap. Valve protection devices shall be utilized when cylinders are not in use.
    • NOTE: The above does not apply to air cylinders for BA sets.
    • Only standard automatic pressure regulators and pressure gauges shall be fitted to oxygen and acetylene cylinders when in use. Flash back arresters shall be used at both ends of the hose, i.e., immediately after the regulator and immediately before the torch. The adjustable screw on the regulator shall always be released before the cylinder is opened. The cylinder valve shall be closed before the regulator is removed.
    • Compressed gas regulators must be used when connecting compressed gas cylinders to equipment.
    • Safety glasses or goggles must be worn when opening the compressed gas cylinder or LPG valve.
    • Employees must not stand in front of the opening of the compressed gas cylinder valve/regulator assembly while opening the cylinder valve.
    • Compressed gas cylinder valve must be opened slowly.
    • Compressed gas regulators and hoses should be de-pressurized when not in use.
    • Oil, grease, or other combustible substance must not come in contact with compressed gas cylinders and valves containing oxygen, especially valve and regulator threads.
    • Rubber hoses and other connections should be regularly inspected and damaged hoses replaced. Red hoses shall be used for acetylene and other combustible gases and blue hoses shall be used for other gases.
    • Leak testing should be carried out using soapy water or proprietary leak testing fluid. Leaking equipment shall never be used. Frozen equipment should be thawed out using hot water. Never use a flame to thaw equipment.
    • Compressed gas cylinders (especially acetylene) and LPG tanks must not be exposed to sparks and flames from welding or cutting torches.

    No cylinder shall be used if there is any doubt as to its contents. In case of doubt:

    • the valve should be taped
    • the cylinder should be clearly marked ‘DO NOT USE’
    • the cylinder should be returned to the supplier
    • Cylinders, valves, regulators and hoses should be inspected before starting a job and only equipment in serviceable condition shall be used.
    • Discontinue use of cylinders prior to being completely empty to leave a minimal amount of positive pressure in the cylinder.
    • Compressed gas cylinders must not contact electrical circuits.

    Storage and Handling

    Cylinders must be stored in a dedicated area, with signage and segregation of full and empty cylinders. The following rules shall apply to storage of cylinders:

    • Cylinders shall be stored with due regard to the fire hazard. No flammable materials shall be stored in the building with them or in the immediate vicinity on site.
    • Smoking is prohibited in compressed gas cylinder storage and use areas.
    • The cylinders shall be stored in such a manner that they can be readily removed in the event of a fire.
    • Oxygen cylinders and their fittings, including hoses, must be stored separately from combustible/flammable material by at least 20 feet, or by a noncombustible wall. Oils and greases are spontaneously combustible in the presence of oxygen.
    • Compressed gas cylinders must be protected from heat sources in excess of 125°F (51.5°C) and heating equipment must not be installed in store rooms where compressed gas cylinders are kept. Outside storage is acceptable if cylinders are protected from direct sunlight, heat, and standing water/corrosion.
    • If oxygen and acetylene cylinders have to be stored in the same area they shall be kept well apart. Preferably they should be stored in separate areas or a minimum of 6 meters apart.
    • Compressed gas cylinders must be secured in an upright position while in storage to prevent over-pressurization.

    The following rules shall apply to handling and movement of cylinders:

    • Cylinders should be moved by handcart, hand truck, or cylinder cart designed for moving compressed gas cylinders, when possible.
    • Cylinders of oxygen, propane and dissolved acetylene shall not be subjected to rough handling or excessive shock. Dragging, sliding, or horizontal rolling or compressed gas cylinders should be avoided. Cylinders weighing greater than 50 pounds (23 kg) should be moved by mechanical means or by utilizing additional persons to assist.
    • Cylinders shall never be dropped from a height or permitted to strike each other. A proper carriage or cage, NOT a sling, should be used for moving cylinders whether empty or full. Cylinders should be lifted using a wire rope sling and not a chain sling to avoid the possibility of sparking.
    • Cylinder valve protection caps shall be fitted to all compressed gas cylinders and left in place while in storage.
    • Cylinders shall not be transported with regulators and hoses attached unless a proper trolley is used.
    • Cylinders shall be transported in an upright vertical position.

    Color Coding of Cylinders

    • Gas cylinders are normally color coded for identification. It is important to be able to identify cylinders readily. The following table shows typical cylinder colors and characteristic for some gases likely to be used.
    • Identification of cylinders should be verified by the decal or label on the cylinder. Color coding should not be relied upon as the sole identification method as all suppliers do not consistently use the same color coding. Cylinders must not be used if there is any doubt regarding the contents.
    • Integrity Testing and Recommended Standards (ISO color code)
    • Handling and Use of Compressed Air
    • Extreme caution shall be taken when using compressed air. An air hose shall never be aimed at any person. Compressed air can be extremely dangerous when misused. Air under pressure may pass right through clothing and cause severe or fatal internal injury.
    • Compressed air shall not be used for blowing dust / chips from hair, clothing or workbench.
    • [See: Hand Tools (Pneumatic Powered Tools and Equipment)]


    • CFR 1910.101
  • Confined Space Training

    Confined Space Training

    What is Confiend Space?

    JOS: Confined space is defined as any location having restricted accesss or egress and which is, or may become hazardous to worker. This includes trenching, elevated worksite, etc

    OSHA: Confined space is large enough space and so confined that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work but has limited or restricted means for entry or exit; and it is not designed for continuous employee occupancy

    Examples of Confined Space:

    • Bejana/Vessel
    • Bins
    • Boilers
    • Ducts
    • Manholes Pits
    • Pipes
    • Sewers
    • Tangki
    • Trenches
    • Tungku/Furnaces tanks
    • Tunnels
    • Vaults

    Confined Space Entry Procedures

    • Step 1 – Confined Space Identification
    • Step 2 – Equipment Identification
    • Step 3 – Isolation
    • Step 4 – Cleaning, Purging and Ventilasi
    • Step 5 – PPE
    • Step 6 – Qualification and Responsibilities
    • Step 7– Atmospheric Testing
    • Step 8 – Permit to work
    • Step 9 – Job Performing
    • Step 10 – Post Check
    • Step 11 – Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment
    Step 1 – Confined Space Identification

    If a space meets one of the following criteria then it classified as confined space:

    • Hazard: Does the space is closed enough and contain hazardous gas / atmosphere or other physical hazards?
    • Function: does the space not design for continuous employee occupancy
    • Entry & Exit: Does it has limited entry and exit so that rescue in emergency will require additional personnel and equipment?
    Confiend Space Classification:
    • Class 1: Confined space which presently and previously doesn’t contain hazardous atmosphere/gas
    • Class 2: Confined space which has a possibility of hazardous atmosphere/gas but can be eliminated/controlled
    • Class 3: Confined space which previously contained hazardous atmosphere/gas , or now it may be has a possibility of hazardous atmosphere and those hazards cannot be eliminated/controlled
    Step 2 – Equipment Identification

    Confined space data review includes, but not limited to:

    • Equipment number and location
    • Inside diagram of the space (mind-mapping)
    • Isolation/lockout-tag out list.
    • MSDS of the substance inside the “space”
    Step 3 – Isolation

    Isolate all energy to equipment:

    • Isolate piping system
    • Isolate electrical system
    • Isolate with proper Lockout/tagout equipment

    Area Supervisor must ensure all hazardous substances (toxic/flammable) has been eliminate to a safe level. Three methods normally used for process isolation:

    • Single valve lock
    • Blind or blank flange
    • Double block and bleed
    Step 4 – Cleaning, Purging and Ventilasi

    Purging is replacing of hazardous/vapor with pure gas (Nitrogen (N2)/CO2) or steam by injecting it into the vessel Purging may create hazards since pure gas also removed oxygen from vessel, so oxygen is downed below its permissible concentration (19,5%), So ventilating must be conducted to allow safe fresh air enter space and create breathable atmosphere in confined space.

    Ventilating After Purging

    After a vessel has been purged, continuous ventilating is needed to removed pure gas and, or steam and maintain oxygen level (19,5 – 23%). There are two types of Ventilation :

    • Natural Ventilation: Using natural air flow to removed contaminant from confined space
    • Mechanical Ventilation: Air flow is generated by mechanical device / fan to removed air contaminant from confined space

    Natural ventilation can produce adequate air flow in certain circumstances. Due to equipment design and surrounding environment, also temperature and wind direction changes, it’s difficult to maintain adequate and continues air flow into confined space. This type of ventilation is not recommended, except in a certain circumstances

    Mechanical Ventilation

    Mechanical Ventilation is divided into 2 categories:

    • Local Ventilation: Exhaust ventilation that gives a means to removed contaminants by exhausted it at it source
    • General ventilation: General ventilation mean to supply outside air which’s clean generated to all parts of room continuously

    There are two systems on General ventilation:

    • Blower system – blowing outside to inside using fan
    • Exhaust system – Exhaust inside air to outside

    All type of mechanical ventilation is suitable for all confined space job. But selection of equipment type depends on:

    • Characteristic of contaminant
    • Confined space configuration
    • Type of job will be perform inside confined space
    Some Mistake on Air Ventilator

    Air Ventilator is Too Small / Air ventilator capacity doesn’t suit with work area – If air ventilator is too small, then air flow will not adequate to maintain safe atmosphere to workers. Size of air ventilator depends on the size of work area and the amount of air flow required for the job. Time at air replacement – Time for air replacement and volume must be define by a competent person such as engineer, because each confined space and activity requires different air flow

    Confined space configuration

    Because every confined space is unique, design and obstacle may cause improper ventilation.

    • A diagram of internal configuration will assist an identification of ventilation problem and gives a correction prior entering confined space.
    • Air ventilator may equip with a flexible ductwork to direct air flow. Some air ventilator can be used at the same time or a baffle system may applied to direct the air
    Step 5 – PPE


    Step 6 – Qualification and Responsibility

    During confined space work are taken places, safety watch must:

    • Maintain communication with personnel working inside confined space
    • Notify personnel working inside confined space should there any changes or unusual condition
    • Monitor life support system used in confined space job
    • DO NO other activity which can reduce his attention to personnel inside confined space
    • Record any personnel and material entering and leaving confined space
    • Stay at his point until the other competent replace him
    • Have authority to abandon the confined space job if required
    • Only qualified, well trained and experienced safety standby can do this job !!
    • Rescue personnel must have been trained such as safety stand by and also well trained in Industrial Rescue Training
    • Minimum 2 rescue personnel are familiar with CPR (Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation) and first aid standard
    • Only rescuer with mentally and physically fit are allowed working in confined space and doing rescue operation
    • Rescuer must familiar with lay out and diagram of the confined space
    • Only qualified, well trained and experience rescuer can do this job
    • Fire watch must have been trained such as safety standby and also well trained in fire fighting
    • Fire watch also must be familiar with confined space operation and lay out.
    • Only qualified, well trained and experienced Fire watcher can do this job
    Step 7– Atmospheric Testing
    • Gas test must be taken place at initial time and periodically to ensure safe atmosphere
    • Job cannot be performed should it detect a potential of gas release which may lead to fire or explosion and toxicities
    • Safety precaution must be taken for tank/vessel cleaning or fuel filter replacing, due to residue of pyrophoric oxides/ iron sulphides which has auto ignite ability if exposed against oxygen
    • All working area must be comprehensively tested prior to start a job in hazardous potential atmosphere

    Normal atmosphere density defines as 1 other gas refer to this number, if heavier/lighter than air the value will be above or below 1. The following chart indicate the density of other gas whether heavier or lighter than air

    Step 8 – Permit to work
    • Permit to work only valid for a time period stated on the permit
    • Permit must be prepared by an authorized personnel (normally supervisor or his designate person)
    • Permit must be post it clearly in the entrance of confined space
    • All issued permit must be recorded
    • Permit must be returned as completion of the job, or has been expired or because of something the permit should be returned (emergency).
    • Permit must be kept for a period of time. For JOS permit must be retained for at least one year
    Step 9 – Job Performing
    • Pre use inspection must be conducted for PPE, gas tester, emergency apparatus etc.
    • Conducting pre-job safety meeting to discuss work procedure, potential hazards, emergency plan, etc.
    • Proper placement of working equipment, or emergency apparatus use confined space checklist.
    • Check isolation that has been installed, use isolation checklist.
    • Perform work in compliance with JSA / SOP

    Ensure during work performing every procedure is followed and every personnel on his role and wear PPE as per PRAC recommendation

    Step 10 – Post Check

    Final inspection required to ensure that everything has been returned to its normal condition, check the following:

    • Check that there’s no equipment/tools left behind
    • Make sure all personnel have left the confined space.
    • All isolation has been opened and on the right position.
    • All permit has been returned to PTW control point and closed
    Rescue Procedure in Confined Space, Rescue Planning Must be discussed and ensure all personnel understand the following:
    • Equipment.
    • Personnel’s role.
    • Agreed command.
    • Safe area.
  • Cranes & Forklifts

    Cranes and Forklifts


    • All JOS field locations where there is a requirement to use cranes, forklift and trucks.


    • All cranes shall have a valid test certificate.
    • All crane operators shall have valid license.
    • All cranes are subjected for annual inspection by the Independent Third Party.
    • All forklifts shall have a valid test certificate which is valid for 12 months period.
    • All forklift operators shall have a valid license.
    • JOS shall permit only fully certified operators to operate mobile equipment, forklifts and cranes at JOS location.
    • Cranes shall be inspected daily by a competent person. Daily inspection record sheets which are signed by the competent person and crane operator shall be maintained and available for COMPANY review.
    • Crane maintenance shall be carried out and recorded based on the crane manufacturer's preventive maintenance program.
    • All crane hooks shall have a safety latch fitted to prevent accidental displacement of load and shall be inspected daily for deformation or cracks. Hooks with cracks or having 15% more than normal thread opening or more than 10% twist from the plane of the unbent hook shall be discarded.
    • JOS shall permit only fully certified operators to operate mobile equipment, forklifts and cranes at JOS location.
    • Cranes shall be inspected daily by a competent person. Daily inspection record sheets which are signed by the competent person and crane operator shall be maintained and available for COMPANY review.
    • Crane maintenance shall be carried out and recorded based on the crane manufacturer's preventive maintenance program.
    • All crane hooks shall have a safety latch fitted to prevent accidental displacement of load and shall be inspected daily for deformation or cracks. Hooks with cracks or having 15% more than normal thread opening or more than 10% twist from the plane of the unbent hook shall be discarded.
    • A dry chemical fire extinguisher of at least 10 kilograms shall be affixed to every crane.
    • All cranes shall be fitted with an automatic, anti-two blocking device or be fitted with an indicator, such as a flag tied to the load line above block, readily visible to the operator to warn of imminent two blocking.
    • All control levers, pedals and switches shall be fitted with locking devices to prevent accidental movement.
    • All cranes shall have momentary type controls which return to their neutral position when released
    • All cranes shall be equipped with limit switches which prevent the boom from travelling past its top and bottom stops and maximum load limiting equipped with a signal, which will actuate until corrective action is taken.
    • All control levers, pedals, and switches shall have a schematic affixed nearby stating their purpose and mode of operation.
    • A load chart shall be fitted, visible to the operator, showing the radii and safe working load of the main and auxiliary hook blocks. The correct rigging diagram shall be within easy view of the operator.
    • Crane booms should be left in a stable condition at the end of each workday or anytime the crane is left attended.
    • Cranes walking with suspended loads should have a flagman and the load restrained from swinging by use of a tag line or by attaching restraining lines back to the crane body.
    • Suspended loads which are totally or primarily supported by the crane shall not be left unsecured or unattended at any time.
    • There shall be an effective system of communication between the person supervising cargo handling and the crane operator.
    • Standard hand signals shall be posted or a clearly visible rigging director.
    • Potential hazards.
    • Contractor crane /forklift certification.


    • All cranes and forklifts must be fitted with an audible reversing alarm.


    • See: Chemical-Handling / Usage / Labeling
    • See: Hazardous Area’s Div. I. II. III]
  • Document Control

    Document Control


    • This Procedure Describes the Process for Control of Existing & New Documents.


    • Document Controller is Responsible for The Implementation and Maintenance of the Documentation System Defined in This Procedure.


    • JOS Company Procedures: New procedures should be developed as needed to address safety, health, and environmental risks which apply to all JOS operations.
    • Procedures should be developed /reviewed by a team of engineering operations, Health & Safety Staff, and led by the Loss Prevention & Environmental production Department Manager.
    • Site Specific Procedures: Site Specific procedures should be developed as needed.
    • Procedures must be at least as stringent as any applicable JOS Company procedure, if applicable.
    • Procedures should be developed for site specific risks not addressed by a JOS Company procedure.

    Quality Assurance

    • All documents must be checked for acceptance of standard format (format, index, numbering system).

    Review: The guidance for reviewing Documents

    • Policy annually
    • Standards and Procedures: every 2 years

    Storing and Recording

    • A designated document controller will be assigned to maintain and store current procedures. Site specific document controllers may be required to manage site specific procedures.


    • New and revised LP & EP procedures must be distributed to all sites. All employees and contractors must be made aware of procedures and requirements which will affect their work at JOS locations.

    Standard Format

    • This section details the object or intention of the Standard/Procedure. In the case of a revision to an existing Standard/Procedure, this section should specify additional objectives to be controlled or detail the changes to existing ones.
    • This section shall outline the activity and department, division or personnel to which the document is applicable and the extent of activities that are to be controlled.
    • This section shall provide common definitions of words, abbreviations or actions not readily understood. Definitions will be listed in alphabetical order.
    • This section shall list and fully describe all other documents referred to by the procedure. These may include other procedures or appropriate Codes and Standards. Each reference shall be numbered and identified within the text of the procedure


    • This section shall provide who are accountable and/or responsible on the compliance, implementation, and maintenance of the Standard/Procedure.
    • Flowchart and Procedure
    • Whenever possible Standard/Procedures should be center around a flowchart of activities and written information used to support and explains the flowchart.
    • The text should be sufficiently detailed to provide a precise description of an activity or action.
    • The wording should be concise and tailored to the skill level of the individuals responsible for the activities controlled by the procedure.
    • Flowcharts shall be presented in a manner that reflects the order that the activities are to be performed.
    • All documents/reporting requirement, including those required for statutory purposes, are to be specified at the appropriate point in the flowchart procedure.
  • Emergency Response Plan

    Emergency Response Plan


    • This is to ensure that all JOS personnel are familiar with emergency response plans and follow the emergency response procedures. All employees may be requested to act in various capacities during critical aspects of an emergency.


    • Company Emergency Response Plan
    • Must be available at all Offices. It contains essential information required by the applicable department personnel to deal with emergencies.
    • Local Emergency Response Plan
    • Must be developed for locations and facilities according to the applicable corporate standard. Manuals must be available at the appropriate facility or office.
    • Location specific Contingency Plans
    • Location specific emergency response plans shall as a minimum include:
    • Clear definition for people on or at the production location, their roles and responsibilities in the event of an emergency.
    • Clearly defined emergency situation and the roles and responsibilities of those assigned to them.
    • General arrangement drawing/plans showing the layout of all emergency equipment for the production facility in question.
    • Clear and unambiguous information as to how the facility shall be evacuated in the event of an uncontrolled situation.
    • Clear description of events that might be classed as emergencies, they shall include but be not limited to the following:
    • Situation specific contingency plan(s) must be prepared in all cases where e.g. sour gas will be encountered and may be required under other circumstances as deemed necessary.

    Oil Spill Containment & Recovery (OSCAR)

    • Equipment is available at various locations. Emergency Response Team should have knowledge of its locations and how to activate its use.

    Emergency Evacuation

    • Must be included as part of a local or site-specific Emergency Response Plan.
    • E-R-T (Emergency response team)


    • In the event of an emergency, the JOS employee In-charge will be the on-scene Commander until more senior personnel are on-site and are able to take over responsibility.
    • Each department is responsible for ensuring that contact list revisions are communicated to HSE Department, who will then issue the revised contact list.
    • Local Emergency Response Plan training shall be employed at all fields locations, which should have realistic exercises/drills every 2 weeks, and the Incident Management, Team (IMT) should have full a scale Emergency Exercise annually, and special training must be maintained current by the Local Management.


    • Local Emergency Response Plan training shall be employed at regular intervals as appear necessary, to ensure that all company personnel know how to use the plan and respond to an emergency. Employees shall be trained in essential functions. Special training must be given to designated persons responsible for special functions. All training shall be documented.
    • Rehearsal and review should be done every second year or when significant changes occur in the overall operation and plan.
    • All facility/location managers and their respective emergency response teams shall undergo specific training and assessment in the management of major emergencies (MOME).


    • OSHA 3122 – 06R (2004)
  • Excavation


    Potential Hazards

    • Death by Asphyxiation
    • Serious crush injuries
    • Mechanical equipment
    • Drawing
    • Toxic or flammable atmosphere
    • Electric shock
    • Pipeline damage
    • Slips, trips & falls.
    • Fire
    • Drowning


    • Approvals and Permits:
      • All permits and approvals must be obtained.
      • Underground facilities must be located and identified.

    Pre-Job Safety Meeting

    • Prior to performing any work, a pre-job meeting must be conducted, Site-specific procedure must be prepared where the excavation is complex.


    • Ensure that all underground facilities are properly identified and located.
    • A written record must be kept of this identification.
    • A JOS representative must inspect and document the location and marking.
    • Open excavation shall be barricaded for identification and to protect people from falling.

    Location of Underground Pipelines and Utilities

    • No mechanical excavation shall be undertaken on a Pipeline ROW or within 5 meters of a pipe, cable or conduit before hand tools.
    • After hand exposure, the operation may progress only under the direct on-site supervision of an owner’s representative.
    • During mechanical excavation, where existing underground pipe, cable, conduit or facilities are involved, an observer is required at all times.
    • The observer and/or operator must be provided with a copy of drawings, permits and agreements, locating all existing underground installations.
    • If excavation do in suspected in atmospheric hazardous area, the atmospheres shall be tested before employees enter excavation
    • Greater than 1.5 feet in depth.
    • Daily inspections of excavations, the adjacent areas, and protective systems shall be made by JOS Representative for evidence of a situation that could result in possible cave-ins or other hazardous conditions.

    Protective Measures

    Before a worker begins working in an excavation greater than 1.5 meters in depth and narrower than its depth, the employer must ensure that the worker is protected from cave-ins and sliding material by the following:

    • Cutting back the walls to reduce the remaining vertical height to less than 1.5 meters, or Installing temporary protective structures (water removal equipment/drainage system and wall supports).
    • Where cutback method is used, the walls must be cut back, in hard and compact soils, to not less than 30 degrees from the vertical. In all other soils, 45 degrees from the vertical will be the minimum.
    • In shored excavations of over 3 meters, the shoring (design) must be approved by a professional engineer.
    • Spoil piles must be at least 1 meter from the side of the excavation and have a slope of less than 45 degrees.
    • Access ladder should be provided for worker entry and egress for excavation greater than 1.2 meters. Safe access/egress by means of stairways, ladders, etc. shall be provided for every 8 meter travel distance
    • If the excavation is to be left unattended, it must be barricaded at distance greater than 1 meter from the side of excavation complete with warning signs


    • No employee shall be permitted underneath loads handled by lifting or digging equipment.
    • Employees shall not work in excavations in which there is accumulated water unless special support is installed to protect cave-ins and control water level.
  • Hand & Power Tools

    Hand and Power Tools

    Potential Hazards

    • Injury from substandard hand tools
    • Electrical shock
    • Improper routing of cables
    • Uncontrolled pressure
    • Improper use
    • Source ignition
    • Noise
    • Fire


    • Only tools suited to the job shall be used, improvised tools must not be used.
    • Damaged or worn tools should be repaired or replaced.
    • The Designated Supervisor shall be responsible for implementing a 3 monthly inspection of hand tools


    • Non-Sparking tools should be used in flammable environments.

    Electric Powered Tools

    • Have a fail safe device such that they stop automatically when the operator releases hold
    • Tools shall only be used by trained, authorized personnel
    • A chuck key of the correct type only shall be used to operate chucks.

    Pneumatic Powered Tools

    • Pressure regulators shall be used where necessary to ensure that the manufacturer’s pressure rating for each tool is never exceeded.
    • Only sound, strong hoses with secure couplings and connections shall be used.
    • Where sparking or heat generated by use of a tool could represent a hazard, a coolant should be used to disperse heat and reduce the possibility of sparks.
    • All users of compressed air lines shall fit ‘whip checks’ and safety pins to crows foot connectors on airlines.
  • Hot Work

    Hot Work


    • To provide clear guidance of what constitutes hot work and allow effective control of such procedures within the permit to work system.
    • Any exception to this policy requires management approval.


    • All JOS locations

    Potential Hazards

    • Fire/explosion
    • Personnel Injuries
    • Combustible / toxic fumes


    A hot work permit is required when the work can generate sufficient energy to produce a potential source of ignition. This may vary from, but not limited to grinding, arc, spark, open flame, and use of non-intrinsically safe equipment.


    • Welding
    • Shrink Sleeve Blower
    • Oxy/acetylene Torches
    • Soldering Equipment
    • Open flame
    • Hilt Gun
    • Electric Power Tools
    • Opening explosion proof or purged enclosures in a classified area.
    • Abrasive Wheels
    • Grinding Tools
    • Hot tapping
    • Sand/grit blasting
    • Controlled burning
    • Flare pits

    Recommended Procedures

    • Where practical, all combustibles will be relocated a minimum of 10m horizontally from the work site. Where relocation is impractical, combustibles will be protected with fireproof covers or shielded by metal walls or fiberglass blankets. Openings or cracks in walls, floors, drains or ducts within 10m of the site will be tightly covered in order to prevent the passage of sparks to adjacent areas
    • Prior to hot work commencing, the JOS Senior Supervisor shall ensure:
    • A Hot Work Permit is obtained, according to the JOS Permit to Work Program.
    • Drains are plugged to prevent back flow of vapors.
    • The draining, venting or purging of equipment and lines is completed.
    • A gas test for combustible vapors has been made. (Applicable on hydrocarbon producing and/or processing platforms and in the vicinity of stored chemicals or hydrocarbon products). A 0% reading for LEL is required for Hot Work.
    • The wind direction will not cause any flammable vapor from distant vent, to migrate to the hot work area.
    • The other side of the plate or tank plate or vessel is clean and free of flammable material.
    • Vessels or other enclosures are clean and free of flammable material.
    • A fire watch and extinguishing equipment are present and operable. For fire watch guidelines during welding or cutting torch operations refer to paragraph 8 (Fire Watch Guidelines) During hot work other than welding or cutting torch operations, a member of the work team may act as fire watch while work in which he is not performing a task takes place.
    • Under no circumstances will compressed oxygen be used for ventilation or to blow through an acetylene hose. Explosions can occur when acetylene gas is present in air in any proportion between 2.2% and 80% by volume.
    • When working at a height, precautions shall be taken to prevent welding rods, stubs and slag from falling.
    • On hydrocarbon producing locations, or in the vicinity of stored chemicals or hydrocarbon products, gas testing for combustible vapors shall be made periodically while hot work is in progress, or continuously if necessary.
    • Pipelines which cross the location must be protected from the hot work and checked for leaks. They must not be subject to weld splatter and sparks or used as the ground for welding return currents.
    • All hot work shall be performed as far removed from wellheads and production equipment as possible.
    • JOS supervisor (Production Supervisor, Assistant Supervisor, Construction Representative or Drilling Supervisor) familiar with the operating process shall be on site until the hot work operation is completed and shall ensure the compliance with all requirements on the Hot Work Permit is complied with.
    • All personnel involved in hot work activities must be alert to the dangers of fire and explosion. No work is permitted in the presence of flammable atmospheres, or where flammable atmospheres may develop due to unclean or improperly prepared drums, tanks or other containers, equipment which may have previously contained flammable materials, or in areas which may develop an accumulation of combustible dusts.
    • Special precautions should be taken when cleaning out tanks and vessels or changing fuel gas filters, as the residue encountered may contain pyrophoric substances. These substances, consisting mainly of oxides or iron sulfides, may ignite spontaneously if allowed to dry out. Special precautions must be taken for their safe disposal.

    Welding and Cutting Guidelines

    • Welders' and helpers' personal protective equipment is to comply with ANSI/ACS Z49.1 specifications or equivalent and the Personal Protective Equipment Policy and Procedure.
    • Prior to welding, cutting, burning or brazing on tanks, vessels or equipment, the JOS Senior Discipline Supervisor shall ensure they are free from flammable gases and vapors, oil or sludge. When vessels and tanks are being welded or burned on the outside, there is a danger of toxic or flammable gases collecting within the vessel or tank. Particular care is to be taken to ensure adequate ventilation and/or respirator protection. This is especially relevant in confined spaces. Refer to separate Confined Space Entry Policies and Procedures for more detail.
    • Safety meetings shall be held prior to commencing welding or cutting and at break points such as shift changes, etc.
    • Where hardened deposits are present in the vicinity of an area to be welded or cut, and it is not intended to remove these deposits, welding or cutting shall not start until the makeup of the deposits is determined
    • Toxic gases and fumes produced by welding can create serious hazards; therefore, proper ventilation should always be assured and required respiratory equipment utilized. Examples of toxic gas and fumes produced by welding are as follows:
      • Nitrous fumes may be produced if an oxyacetylene flame is permitted to impinge on a large section of metal for long periods during gas welding.
      • Gas welding may produce carbon monoxide.
    • Arc welding of iron or steel produces fumes consisting of very fine particles of iron oxide.
    • Welding brass, bronze and manganese generates large quantities of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
    • Lead based paints emit lead fumes when welded or cut.
    • The welding or cutting of coated materials shall only be carried out when adequate means of removing the fumes are available, or adequate respiratory equipment is utilized. The application of any oxyacetylene flame to metal coated with metallic lead, zinc or other substances may emit highly toxic vapors. This is particularly true where an excess of oxygen is required.
    • Caution: Welding and X-ray will set off ultra violet fire detectors and smoke detectors. These fire detection systems should be isolated during hot work.

    Fire Watch Guidelines

    • An individual assigned to fire watch shall visually monitor all welding or cutting torch operations. A minimum of one fire watch, whose sole duty is that of fire watch, is required on each location. When cutting through a bulkhead, roof or steel decking a fire watch shall be present on both sides.
    • The fire watch will:
      • Have fire-extinguishing equipment present and trained in its use, including practice on actual fires.
      • Be familiar with facilities, and procedure for sounding an alarm in the event of a fire.
      • Watch for fires in all exposed areas, particularly on the blind side of bulkheads and walls, and try to extinguish them when obviously within the capacity of the equipment available, or otherwise sound the alarm immediately.
    • Maintain a fire watch for 30 minutes after completion of cutting or welding operations in order to detect and extinguish possible smoldering fires, including an inspection of adjacent compartments that may have been affected.
    • Gas testing for combustible vapors shall be made continuously while welding or cutting torch operations are in progress.

    Welding Equipment Guidelines

    • All diesel-welding machines shall be fitted with spark arresting mufflers. Welding machines shall be shutdown anytime the job is left unattended and during refueling.
    • The welding return current clamp shall be set at the work site or within 3m of the work site when practical. The return current clamp shall always be visible to the fire watch.
    • Welders shall never coil gas hoses or welding leads around their body when burning or welding.

    Oxygen/Acetylene Equipment Guidelines

    • Cylinders of oxygen, acetylene or propane are never to be taken into a confined space. Gas hoses and welding leads are not to be taken into a confined space until immediately prior to their use. Likewise, they shall be removed when not actively being used. Where this cannot be done, the oxygen and acetylene connections shall be disconnected at the cylinders situated outside of the confined space. Closing the valve is not a disconnection.
    • Oxygen and acetylene hoses shall be turned off at the cylinder valve anytime the equipment is not being actively used. A check valve shall be installed in both the oxygen and acetylene lines. A flashback arrester shall be installed adjacent to the acetylene regulator valve.
    • Oxygen and acetylene shall be stored separately in an upright position, protective caps on and secured in place. Preferably, the oxygen and acetylene shall be stored in separate well ventilated areas. A minimum of 6m or a non-combustible wall should separate the two types of cylinders. Cylinders in welding carts or mounted on vehicles need not be separated.
    • Cylinders shall be transported and used in a cradle made to hold the cylinders. The cylinders shall be in a vertical position in the cradle

    Electrical Hot Work

    • The opening of explosion proof or purged enclosures in classified areas that house powered-up arc producing devices, i.e. a source of ignition, is considered hot work.
    • Precautions must be taken when such boxes or enclosures are opened including continuous gas monitoring throughout the period that the box is open and the provision of a designated fire watch.
    • Opening explosion proof boxes that are located within purged control rooms or at any location when the power is off and isolated does not constitute hot work.


    • OSHA CFR 1910.106,252,253,254,255
    • API RP 54
    • NFPA 30
  • Housekeeping


    Potential Hazards

    • Slipping
    • Tripping
    • Fire
    • Falls
    • Crushing
    • Caught Between (Pinned)


    • Poor housekeeping practices are responsible for many accidents in the work place. With a little effort, this problem is easily eliminated.
    • Good housekeeping practices include keeping tools, materials, equipment, buildings, and properties clean and in good order.
    • Good housekeeping is the day-to-day responsibility of all employees and is a continual process. Periodic cleanups, or cleanups when time permits, is not considered to be adequate.
    • Tools and materials shall not be scattered around the walking or working surfaces while the job is in progress.
    • Haphazardly scattered tools, equipment and materials are an invitation to an accident.
    • No job is complete until tools have been cleaned and properly stored, scrap and waste materials disposed of, and the equipment and work locations is in good orderly condition, and approved for continues operation.
    • Sharp and pointed tools shall be stored properly. Leaving such tools lying around loose creates an unnecessary hazard.
    • Slick spots on the walking surface caused by water, oil or other substances shall be cleaned up immediately. Allowing this condition to exist, even for a short period of time, is dangerous.
    • Waste rags, trash, etc., must not be permitted to accumulate, it should be properly disposed of as soon as possible.
    • Materials or equipment delivered to the job site shall be kept well away from the working area until needed.
    • Protruding nails, straps, or wire shall not be permitted to exist in the work place. They shall be removed immediately when found.
    • All material to be stacked shall be cross-tied or otherwise secured so that it will not fall over. Rolling stock such as pipe should be checked so it cannot roll onto an employee.
    • Aisle ways and walking surfaces shall always be kept clear of materials and equipment as much as possible.
  • Ladders



    • To provide direction for the design and installation of fixed ladders, stairs, and platforms.


    • All JOS plant and field locations.

    Potential Hazard

    • Slips/trips and falls
    • Electricity


    • The usage of fixed ladders, stairs, and platforms should comply with JOS Specifications
  • Lifting Gear

    Lifting Gear Certification

    Potential Hazards

    • Failure of lifting equipment under load causing serious injury and loss/damage to process or equipment.

    Lifting Equipment

    • Category I - Slings ,come- alongs
    • Category II - Miscellaneous Hardware
    • Category III - Special Appliances and Fixtures
    • Lifting gear table

    Category I - Slings

    • Wire rope slings (including those attached to cargo containers, etc).
    • Alloy Steel Chain slings
    • Metal Mesh Slings
    • Natural and Synthetic Fiber Rope Slings
    • Synthetic webbing slings
    • Cargo nets
    • Personnel baskets (include due to critical nature of equipment)
    • Passenger and service lifts
    • Chain blocks
    • Come-along

    Category II - Miscellaneous Hardware

    • Pulleys (pulley blocks, snatch blocks, sheavers)
    • Eye bolts
    • Hooks
    • Come - alongs
    • Plate clamps (including attached slings)
    • Air Tuggers
    • Cargo containers
    • Shackles
    • Barrel hooks
    • Other similar hardware
    • Win rope slings (including those attached to cargo containers, etc)
    • Chain slings
    • Nylon polyester belt slings. Note: from Cat. I

    Category III - Special Appliances and Fixtures

    • Cargo baskets
    • Hoist runway beams
    • Special - lifting tools, support, and stands
    • Spreader bars (frames)
    • Cylinder Racks
    • Barrel racks
    • Transportable tanks

    Repair or Alteration

    • Any item of lifting equipment of category III which has been repaired or altered in any way from its original configuration should be load tested and certified according to this procedure before it is used.
    • Contractor/sub contractor lifting equipment used on JOS offshore and onshore facilities shall comply with the intent of this standard. The contractor must use this standard or some other appropriate procedure that ensures compliance with this policy. This will be mutually agreed by JOS and the contractor (bridging document).
    • Policy compliance shall be communicated in pre-tender information. Proof of certification and ongoing re-certification will be produced upon demand.
  • Lifting Operation

    Lifting Operations


    To provide a Standard for safe lifting operations to provide safety of personnel, equipment, facility, and environment while lifting loads by crane, derrick, or other lifting equipment.


    This Standard applies to all lifting activities including loading/unloading cargo, other lift handling of persons within JOS locations.

    Potential Hazards

    Power line contact, overloading, un-determined load weight, outrigger failure (soft ground and structural), two-blocking, pinch point, unguarded moving parts, unsafe hooks, hook caught on, obstruction of vision, sheave-caused cable damage, cable kinking, side pull, boom buckling (from striking objects), access to cabs, bridges, and/or runways, control confusion (non-uniform location), turntable failure, removable or extendible counterweight systems.

    Operator Requirements

    • The Site Leader shall assign a designated person to operate, maintain, repair and inspect all hoisting machinery and rigging equipment prior to each use, and during use, to make sure it is in safe operating condition.
    • The crane operator, must meet all requirements for certification and demonstrate competency skill and acknowledge for operating the Crane.
    • Annual or when required Refractory Check shall be conducted for Crane Operator.
    • Riggers, signalers, and others who involve with lifting work by crane, shall have rigger qualification and certification.

    Crane Requirements

    Crane shall be equipped with the following:

    • Counterweight as specified by the manufacturer for mobile crane.
    • A serviceable, approved fire extinguisher, which is readily accessible to the operator.
    • A serviceable and adjustable seat.
    • Guards for personal protection over all exposed moving parts, which are considered hazardous under normal operating conditions.
    • Boom angle indicator
    • A device to determine that the crane is level for all mobile crane operations.
    • A 100-foot (30.5 meters), non-conducting tape measure.
    • An audible horn or bell-signaling device.
    • Safety Devices: anti two block, boom stopper, swing brake, parking break.
    • Manufacturer approved load chart mounted in the cab, which is correct for the counterweight, boom and jib supplied,
    • A logbook (running hours, maintenance)
    • A maintenance and inspection program for the crane and boom shall be established and followed.
    • The crane shall be supplied with wire ropes equivalent in size, grade, and construction to those recommended by the crane manufacturer
    • The weight and capacity of crane shall be permanently and legibly marked on the blocks, equalizer beam, dragline, clamshell, concrete buckets, and any other accessories that contribute to the load, handled by the crane.
    • Length and serial number are permanently and legibly marked on all boom and jib sections.
    • No lifting machinery, crane or derrick, nor rigging equipment having a visible or known defect that affects safe operation shall be used.
    • All exhaust pipes shall be guarded or insulated in areas where contact by employees is possible in the performance of normal duties.

    Operator's cabin

    The cabin, controls and mechanism of the equipment shall be so arranged that the operator have a clear view of the load or signalman, when one is used. Any deviation to the above condition, the following options shall be followed:

    • A single band radio shall be provided for communication between signalman and operator.
    • A series signalman system shall be in place. Only one dedicated signalman who is visible to the Crane Operator.
    • Cabin glass shall be safety plate glass or equivalent. Cranes with missing, broken, cracked, scratched, or dirty glass (or equivalent) shall be rectified immediately. Cabin glass that impairs operator visibility shall not be used.
    • Clothing, tools and equipment shall be stored so as not to interfere with access, operation, and the operator's view.

    Operating Controls

    • All control mechanisms such as: operating controls, braking, locking and maneuvers (radius indicator) shall be operable, properly maintained and in safe condition. Those operating controls shall be clearly marked, or a chart indicating their function shall be posted at the operator's position.
    • Wind-indicating devices shall be available. In case of offshore crane, wind-indicating devices could be located at radio room.
    • For cranes located on marine vessel, Pitching and rolling indicating devices shall be available.
    • allast or counterweight shall be located and secured only as provided in the manufacturer's specifications, which shall be available.

    Access, ladders, stairways, stanchions, grab irons, footsteps or equivalent means shall be provided as necessary to ensure safe access to foot-walks, cabin platforms, the cabin and any portion of the superstructure which employees must reach:

    • Foot walks shall be of rigid construction;
    • Fix Ladder shall be equipped with cage.
    • Stairways on cranes shall be equipped with rigid handrails.
    • If any position of employee on the ladder or stairway could be strike by crane's maneuver, a prominent warning sign shall be posted at the foot of the ladder or stairway. A system of communication (such as a buzzer or bell) shall be established and maintained between the foot of the ladder or stairway and the operator's cabin.
    • Wood blocks or other support shall be of sufficient size to support the outrigger, free of defects that may affect safety and of sufficient width and length to prevent the crane from shifting or toppling under load. Crane operator is responsible to ensure that outriggers are properly seated and the cabin position is leveled.
    • Engine exhaust gases shall be discharged away from the normal position of crane operating personnel. Engine exhaust shall be equipped with a spark arresting type silencer.
    • Electrical equipment shall be located or enclosed that live parts will not be exposed to accidental contact. Designated persons may work on energized equipment only if necessary during inspection, maintenance, or repair.
    • At least three full turns of rope shall remain on un-grooved drums, and two turns on grooved drums, under all operating conditions. Wire rope shall be secured to drums by wedges and clamps or equivalent means. Fiber rope fastenings are prohibited.
    • Mobile crane booms being assembled or disassembled on the ground with or without the support of the boom harness/cradle shall be blocked to prevent dropping of the boom or boom sections.


    • Each independent hoisting unit of a crane shall be equipped with at least one holding brake, applies directly to the motor shaft or gear train.
    • Each independent hoisting unit of a crane, except worm geared hoists, the angle of worm is to prevent the load from accelerating in the lowering direction, shall, in addition to a holding brake, be equipped with a controlled braking means to control lowering speeds.
    • Holding brakes for hoist units shall have not less than the required percentage of the rated load hoisting torque at the point where the brake is applied.
    • All power control braking means shall be capable of maintaining safe lowering speeds of rated loads.


    Derrick operations shall be directed only by the individual specifically designated for that purpose. Maximum load shall be 90% of rating of derrick SWL.

    • For permanently installed derrick, durable and clearly legible rating chart must be provided with each derrick and securely affix where it is Visible to personnel responsible for the safe operation of the equipment. Charts shall include manufacturer’s approve load rating, specific length of component on which the load ratings are based, required parts for hoist revving.
    • For non-permanent installation, the manufacturer must provide sufficient information from which capacity chart can be prepared for the particular installation. The capacity charts must be located at the derrick and the job site office.

    Crane Lifting Operations

    Critical Lifting

    No crane will be loaded beyond its rate capacity. A Critical Crane Lifting Plan and Permit To Work shall be made for the following conditions:

    • At any time during a lift, the load is 80% of the crane SWL will be exceeded.
    • Irregular shape e.g. concrete, plate, pipe, rods, etc.
    • Valuable material (see high risk level cost)
    • Hazardous material
    • Weather (maximum wind speed 25 knots)
    • Rolling and Pitching
    • Any time such as a lifting crossing the process plant, accommodation, etc.
    • For more than 80 ton mobile crane
    • When the crane operator has no experience to lift a specific load.
    • For complex lifting, JSA shall be thoroughly analyzed (e.g. tandem lifting)
    • Crawler crane travels with load.
    • At any time the Site Leader feels there is a requirement.
    • No lifting shall be conducted when wind speed >36 knots. Only emergency lifting (safety of life) can be proceed with multi discipline risk assessment and site leader approval.
    • Conduct pre-inspection prior to lifting at the beginning of the day for crane access ladders, walkways and hatches, pre-start checks, housekeeping of machine, structure, cabin, and personal belonging, prime movers, over-hoist limits/cut-outs, rated capacity indicators, emergency load release and gross overload protection system, emergency engine stops, safety equipment, fuel. An SOP for this inspection shall be provided.
    • The operator shall refer to Crane Operation checklist prior to starting the crane.
    • Hand signals to crane and derrick operators shall be those prescribed by the applicable ANSI standard for onshore use. An illustration of the signals shall be posted at the job site and visibly maintained.
    • The crane operator is must be aware of all those personnel designated as Rigger and Signalman.
    • Designated signalman shall be equipped with specific sign on his uniform for each lifting.
    • The crane operator, signalman, and rigger shall have the same band of radio communication.
    • Maintain visual contact with the signalman. Lifting operations must cease if visual contact is lost. These operations can only recommence when a clear line of vision is re-established.
    • Crane operator shall only respond to clear hand or radio signals given by the signalman. Unless in emergency situation, the crane operator may response to other person for emergency stop.
    • Load must be vertically lifted at any time.
    • All employees shall be kept clear of loads about to be lifted and of suspended loads.
    • Accessible areas within the swing radius of the rear of the rotating superstructure of the crane or any hoisting machinery shall be free and signed to prevent any personnel from being struck or crushed by the crane.
    • Put cargo and material in the designated place. Do not obstruct any access and egress.
    • Cargo handling operations shall not be carried on when noise-producing, maintenance, construction or repair work interferes with the communication of warnings or instructions.
    • Cargo of hazardous materials shall be handled and lifted in accordance with materials safety data sheet (MSDS) and/or packaging rules.
    Workplace and Housekeeping
    • All hazardous cargo shall be slung and secured so that neither the draft nor individual packages can fall as a result of tipping the draft or slacking of the supporting gear.
    • All chemical or oil drums shall be lifted in a certified steel half-height container (see picture), or tote tank, cargo net, which will not cause drums to fall.Pallets are purely used for allowing forklift truck to transport cargo along flat solid ground/deck, NOT FOR CRANE LIFT.
    • Pallets are purely used for allowing forklift truck to transport cargo along flat solid ground/deck, NOT FOR CRANE LIFT.
    • Pre-lift safety meeting shall be attended by the crane or derrick operator, signal person(s). This meeting shall be held prior to lifting at each new work location, and shall be repeated for any personnel involved and newly assigned to the operation.
    • The Site Leader or other authorized person shall post operating instructions for high wind conditions in the operator's cabin of each crane.
    • Night Lifting can be performed with sufficient illumination (300 fluxes).
    Attaching the load
    • Use the proper sling size and type
    • The sliding choke sling shall not be used. Double wrap type may be used with shackle to secure the load.
    • The load shall be attached to the hook in accordance with API rigging requirement.
    • The operator shall aware that the hook load is within the crane’s applicable static or dynamic rated load at the radius at which the load is to be lifted.
    Moving the load

    The load shall be well secured and properly balanced in the sling or lifting device before it is lifted more than a few inches.

    • Before starting to hoist, the following conditions shall be noted:
      • Hoist rope shall not be kinked.
      • Multiple part lines shall not be twisted around each other.
      • The hook shall be brought over the load in such a manner to prevent swinging.
    • During hoisting, care shall be taken that:
      • There is no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load.
      • Load does not contact any obstructions.
    • A derrick shall not be used for side loading except approved by Site Leader
    • No hoisting, lowering, or swinging shall be done while anyone is on the load or hook.
    • The operator should avoid carrying loads over people.
    • Neither the load nor boom shall be lowered below the point where less than two full wraps of rope remain on their respective drums.
    • When rotating a derrick, sudden starts and stops shall be avoided. Rotational speed shall be such that the load does not swing out beyond the radius at which it can be controlled.
    • Boom and hoisting rope systems shall not be twisted.
    Holding the Load
    • The operator shall not be allowed to leave his position at the controls while the load is suspended; If the load must remain suspended for any considerable length of time, a dog, or pawl and ratchet, or other equivalent means, rather than the brake alone, shall be used to hold the load.
    Use of Winch Heads
    • Ropes shall not be handled on a winch head without the knowledge of the operator;
    • While a winch head is being used, the operator shall be within convenient reach of the power unit control lever;
    • Dogs, pawls, or other positive holding mechanism on the hoist shall be engaged. When not in use, the derrick boom shall:
      • Be laid down
      • Be secured to a stationary member, as nearly under the head as possible, by attachment of a sling to the load block; or
      • Be hoisted to a vertical position and secured to the mast.
  • Mechnical Equipment

    Mechanical Equipment and Guards


    • Purpose
    • Application
    • Potential Hazards
    • Procedures


    • To provide safe work practices for protection of personnel from rotating equipment and heat sources.


    • All JOS plant/field activities and equipment.

    Potential Hazards

    • All rotating equipment, belts, pulleys, grinder, strophic effects (cause by rotating equipment specialist) etc., that present a hazard to personnel must be guarded. Any openings that could present a hazard to personnel must be guarded. All piping and equipment operated at a temperature that could cause personnel injury, must be insulated, clad, guarded or otherwise protected.


    • All mechanical equipment shall be installed and maintained only by qualified persons authorized to do so.
    • Equipment shall be maintained in a safe condition at all times and any such
    • Equipment found to be unsafe shall be isolated / immobilized until repaired.
    • Protective clothing and equipment shall be worn as appropriate when Operating or maintaining mechanical equipment.
    • All rotating, hot, cold and other moving parts shall be adequately guarded from accidental or other contact by personnel.
    • Mechanical equipment shall be immobilized / isolated before any guards are removed and shall be rendered inoperative against start up by means of electrical or mechanical isolation.
    • Any guards removed shall be refitted and adjusted before the Equipment is brought back into use. Whenever possible, adjustments shall only be made with the equipment immobilized or isolated
    • Safety devices, including guards, governors, over speed trips, and other emergency shutdown devices fitted to machines shall not be removed or overridden.
    • When work is carried out on moving machinery, a second person shall be in attendance at the control point to shut down in the event of emergency.
    • Rotating / moving parts such as spindles, chucks, belts and gears may trap loose articles and clothing, or draughts caused by fans or rapidly rotating mechanical components may ‘draw’ clothing.
    • Operators and supervisors shall ensure that no hazard results from loose clothing or long hair whilst operating machines.
    • Gloves shall not be worn.
    • Coveralls shall have cuffs that secure at the wrist.

    Lathes / Machine Tools

    • Only authorized and suitably trained persons shall operated machine tools Protective clothing, particularly eye protection, shall be worn as appropriate to the job and machinery in use.
    Machine safety guards shall be in position. In particular the following rules shall apply:
    • Never use rags or waste near moving machinery
    • Always use a chuck / cutter guard
    • Never leave chuck keys / vice handles in position when not being used
    • Mechanical stops or electrical cut-outs must not be removed or inhibited unless detailed on a work permit
    • The machine should never be operated from the isolating
    • Switch, only from its own on / off switch
    • Secure all loose items of clothing when operating machinery
    The following notices should be on all lathes, milling and drilling machines:
    • Authorized operators only wear eye protection.
    Work Procedure for Use of Workshop Machines
    • When machining work is carried out the chuck guard shall be.
    • Used at all times. If a work piece is too large, or any other factor prohibits the use of the chuck guard, an exception to the above rule may be made, but only after the following procedure has been adhered to.
    • The machining operation shall be discussed by the Maintenance Supervisor.
    • If the decision is made by the Maintenance Supervisor to proceed with the work, a work permit shall be raised giving a full description of the machining operation and safety precautions to be taken.
    • On receipt of the work permit and full compliance with the safety instructions detailed on that permit, the work may proceed.
    Abrasive Wheels and Grinding
    • No person shall mount, dress or use an abrasive wheel unless trained and authorized to do so. A register of authorized personnel shall be maintained by the Maintenance Supervisor. Eye protection shall be worn for all operations including fitting and dressing of abrasive wheels. Eye protection plus a face shield must be worn when using abrasives wheels.
    • Storage and handling of wheels:
      • Wheels shall be handled and stored with care in accordance with the manufacturer’s instruction knocking, dropping or sudden impact should be avoided wheels have a limited shelf life and should be stored in cool dry conditions in a position suited to the shape / size of the wheel.
    • Fitting and dressing of wheels:
      • The wheel shall comply with the maximum wheel size and speed marked on the machine
      • Before fitting, a wheel shall be inspected to ensure it is sound after fitting, the wheel shall be run in and a balance check carried out before any grinding is attempted.
      • Wheels shall only be dressed using the correct tool and procedure.

    Use of Grinder

    • Grinding wheels shall be fitted with adequate guards which are correctly adjusted
    • The work rest shall be secure and adjusted to the minimum practical clearance and not more than 6mm between rest and wheel
    • The wheel shall never be used at speeds greater than those marked on the wheel
    • The grinder shall be marked to show maximum wheel size and speed
    • Care should be taken to avoid sudden impact or knocking of the wheel as one of the great hazards with abrasive wheels is the disintegration of the wheel in service
    • Care shall be taken at all times to ensure that no part of the body comes into contact with the wheel
    • Normal pressure only shall be applied to the wheel. No undue force or pressure shall be used
    • The side of a wheel shall not be used for grinding unless the wheel is designed for the purpose
    • Only the correct wheel for the job shall be used. Soft material for which the wheel is not intended will clog a wheel, cause imbalance, hinder heat dissipation and may cause the wheel to disintegrate
    • In the case of portable tools used for abrasive / grinding work, the additional requirements of section shall apply
    • Hand held grinders shall not be used to grind small hand held items
  • PPE

    Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)


    PPE is a head to toe protective equipment which designed to create a barrier against workplace hazard.


    To protect workers from working hazards, environment hazards, and reduce injury severity if accident occurred.

    PPE in the Past
    • People have used Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for centuries to protect themselves while they work.
    • Personal protective equipment today, as in the past, makes working safer and you more productive.
    • Regulations/Guidance for "Personal Protective Equipment" OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132-138
    • Briefly stated, this standard requires that employers must establish and administer an effective PPE program for employees and that employees be trained in proper use of PPE
    Types of Hazard

    Something with the potential to cause harm. They can include substances or machines, methods of work and other aspects of work organization

    • Physical Hazard
    • Chemical Hazard
    • Biological Hazard
    • Psychosocial Hazard
    Potential Hazards in the Workplace
    • Motion
    • High temperatures
    • Chemical exposures
    • Harmful dust or light radiation
    • Falling object or dropping objects
    • Sharp objects
    • Rolling or pinching objects
    • Layout of workplace and location of co-workers
    • Electrical hazards
    Hierarchy of Hazard Controls
    • Eliminate Hazard
    • Substitute Hazard
    • Engineering Controls
    • Work Practice Controls (Administrative)
    • PPE
    Eliminating Hazard
    • Improve design of equipment/processes
    • Better methods of guarding
    • Substituting safe or less hazardous substances for those presenting unacceptable levels of risk
    Engineering Controls If
    • The machine or work environment can be physically changed to prevent employee exposure to the potential hazard.
    • Examples:
      • Initial design specifications
      • Substitute less harmful material
      • Change process
      • Enclose process
      • Isolate process
      • Ventilation
    Work Practice Controls If
    • Employees can be removed from exposure to the potential hazard by changing the way they do their jobs.
    • Examples:
      • Use of wet methods to suppress dust
      • Personal hygiene
      • Housekeeping and maintenance
      • Job rotation of workers
      • Training
    Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is the last level control
    • PPE should be used only when other measures can’t offer the protection you need
    • PPE does not eliminate the hazards and only provides a barrier between the worker and the hazards
    Minimum PPE Required by JOS
    • Hard Hat
    • Safety glasses
    • Safety Shoes
    • Approved flame retardant coveralls
    Potential Hazards
    Eye & Face Protection
    • Dusts, Powders, Fumes and Mists Operations such as grinding, chiseling, sanding, hammering, and spraying can create small airborne particles, particles that can injure your eyes
    Flying Objects or Particles
    • Operations such as grinding, chiseling, sanding, and hammering often create flying objects or particles that can damage your eyes
    • Toxic Gases, Vapors, and Liquids
    • Toxic chemicals in the form of gases, vapors, and liquids can damage your eyes. Always read the appropriate MSDS before working with any hazardous material.
    Molten Metals
    • Operations which involve or produce molten metal, if splashed, splattered, or dripped into the eyes, cause severe burns and tissue damage
    Electrical Hazards
    • Any time you work around electricity, there is the potential for arcs and sparks to occur.
    Thermal and Radiation Hazards
    • Operations such as welding, metal cutting, and working around furnaces can expose your eyes to heat, glare, ultraviolet, and infrared radiation
    • Laser beams present a new hazard in some workplaces

    Personal Protection Equipment

    Safety Glasses

    Safety glasses are much stronger and more resistant to impact and heat than regular glasses. Most safety glasses are equipped with side shields that give you protection from hazards that may not be directly in front of you. Safety glasses should be Z-87 approved to meet OSHA regulations.


    Goggles give you more protection than safety glasses as they fit closer to your face. Goggles surround the eye area and give more protection in situations where might encounter splashing liquids, fumes, vapors, powders, dusts, and mists.

    Absorptive Lenses

    A wide variety of absorptive lenses are available for use in safety glasses and goggles that offer additional protection if you must work where there is bright light or glare.

    Face Shields

    Face shields offer full face protection and are often used around operations which expose to molten metal, chemical splashes, or flying particles.

    • NOTE: Always wear safety glasses or goggles when using a face shield. Face shields alone are NOT considered adequate eye protection.
    Welding Helmets

    Welding helmets provide both face and eye protection. Welding helmets use special absorptive lenses that filter the intense light and radiant energy.

    • NOTE: safety glasses or goggles should be worn when using a welding helmet.

    Respiratory Awareness Protection

    Potential Hazards
    • Dusts are formed whenever solid material is broken down into tiny particles. Dusts are often produced during sanding and grinding operations
    • Vapors are substances that are created when a solid or liquid material evaporates. Materials that evaporate easily at room temperature include paint thinner, solvents, and gasoline.
    • Fogs are vapors which have condensed into tiny airborne particles or droplets. An example of a hazardous fog would be an insect fogger used to rid industrial and residential areas of ticks and fleas.
    • Mists & Sprays are very small droplets of liquid material suspended in the air. They are often produced by spray and coating operations.
    • Gases are materials that are in the gaseous state at normal temperature (25oC) & pressure ( 1atm).
    • Smoke is made up of small particles produced by the incomplete combustion of any material that has carbon in it. Smoke is often produced during processes that require high heat or burning as part of the manufacturing process
    • Fumes can occur whenever a metal, plastic, or polymer is subjected to a high heat during such processes as welding and soldering operations

    Head Protection

    Potential Hazards
    • Impact to the Head: Falling or flying objects are a common cause of head injuries. Also, bumping head against fixed objects, such as exposed pipe or beams can cause head injuries.
    • Electrical Shocks: Accidents involving electricity result in electrical shocks and burns.
    Hard Hats

    Class G (formerly class A) are designed to:

    • Protect you from falling objects (general service)
    • Protect you from electrical shocks up to 2,200 volts

    Class E (formerly class B) are designed to:

    • Protect you from falling objects (utility service)
    • Protect you from electrical shocks up to 20,000 volts, (use extensively by electrical workers)

    Class C Hard Hats: are designed to:

    • Protect you from falling objects
    • DO NOT protect you from electrical shocks
    • DO NOT protect you from corrosive substances
    How Hard Hats Protect You:

    Hard hats protect you by providing the following features:

    • A rigid shell that resists and deflects blows to the head
    • A suspension system inside the hat that acts as a shock absorber
    • Some hats serve as an insulator against electrical shocks
    • Shields your scalp, face, neck, and shoulders against splashes, spills, and drips.
    • Some hard hats can be modified so you can add face shields, goggles, hoods, or hearing protection to them.
    Wearing Hard Hats

    Hard hats shall meet ANSI Z89.1 Class G or E.

    • Always wear your hard hat in areas where there are potential head hazards.
    • Adjust the suspension inside your hard hat
    • Inspect the shell for cracks, gouges, and dents and the suspension system for frayed or broken straps.
    • Never paint, scratch or drill "air holes" in your hard hat. You may apply reflective plastic tape if you must work at night.
    • Never carry personal belongings such as cigarettes, lighters, or pens in your hard hat.
    Care and Maintenance
    • Clean your hard hat at least once a month (or as needed) to remove oil, grease, chemicals, and sweat
    • You can clean by soaking it in a solution of mild soap and hot water for 5-10 minutes. Rinse with clear water, wipe, and let air dry.
    • Because sunlight and heat can damage the suspension of your hat, always store your hat in a clean, dry, and cool location.

    Hearing Protection

    Potential Hazards

    Causes of sensory hearing loss are:

    • Hereditary
    • Damage to fetus
    • Aging
    • Noise
    • Disease
    • Injury
    • Drugs

    Note: Sensory hearing loss CANNOT be corrected medically or surgically. It is permanent.

    Types of Hearing Protection Devices

    There are many types of hearing protection devices are available in the industry. It must be noted that they shall meet OSHA 29 CFR 1926.52; some devices in usage are:

    • Foam and PVC Earplugs
    • Earmuffs
    • Canal Caps
    Earplugs & Canal Caps

    The advantages of earplugs and canal caps are:

    • Small & lightweight
    • Comfortable in hot environments
    • Easily used with other safety equipment.

    The disadvantages of earplugs and canal caps are:

    • May work loose and require occasional refitting
    • Require specific fitting instructions
    • Are frequently soiled.

    The advantages of earmuffs are:

    • Easy for your employer to supervise the wearing of this device.
    • One size fits all.
    • Fits better for longer periods of time.

    The disadvantages of earmuffs are:

    • May fit tight on your head.
    • Uncomfortable in a warm environment.
    • Problems occur when used with other equipment.
    When Should You Wear a Hearing Protection Device?

    You should wear a hearing protection device whenever you are exposed to noise that is 85 decibels or greater for an 8-hour period of time.

    Maintenance of Hearing Protection Devices
    • Foam when not using your foam earplugs, store them in a clean, cool, dry place.
    • If your foam earplugs become soiled, torn or stiff, discard them and ask your supervisor or safety manager for a new pair.
    PVC Earplugs
    • When not using your PVC earplugs, store them in a clean, cool, dry place.
    • If your PVC earplugs become soiled, you can clean them with a mild solution of soap and water. Rinse, and then dry them with a soft towel.
    • If your PVC earplugs become torn or brittle, discard them and ask your supervisor or safety manager for a new pair Earplugs
    • When not using your earmuffs, store them in a clean, cool, dry place.
    • Always inspect your earmuffs for cracks around the foam cups. If your earmuffs are damaged, have them repaired immediately or ask your supervisor or safety manager for a new pair.

    Hand Protection

    Potential Hazards
    Traumatic Injuries
    • Tools and machines with sharp edges can cut your hands.
    • Staples, screwdrivers, nails, chisels, and stiff wire can puncture your hands.
    • Getting your hands caught in machinery can sprain, crush, or remove your hands and fingers.
    Contact Injuries

    Coming into contact with caustic or toxic chemicals, biological substances, electrical sources, or extremely cold or hot objects can irritate or burn your hands.

    WARNING: Toxic substances are poisonous substances that can be absorbed through your skin and enter your body.

    Repetitive Motion Injuries

    Whenever you repeat the same hand movement over a long period of time, you run the risk of repetitive motion problems. Repetitive motion problems often appear as numbness or tingling sensation accompanied by pain and the loss of gripping power in your hands

    Preventative Measures
    Housekeeping and Hygiene
    • Poorly maintained machinery, tools, sloppy work areas, and cluttered aisles all contribute to hand injuries.
    • Hand washing helps to remove germs and dirt from your hands. Clean hands are less susceptible to infection and other skin problems such as contact dermatitis.
    • Metal mesh gloves resist sharp edges and prevent cuts.
    • Leather gloves shield your hands from rough surfaces, spark and abrasive materials.
    • Vinyl and neoprene gloves protect your hands against toxic chemicals.
    • Rubber gloves protect you when working around electricity.
    • Padded cloth gloves protect your hands from sharp edges, slivers, dirt, and vibration.
    • Heat resistant/aluminized fabric gloves protect your hands from heat and flames.
    Wearing and using Gloves
    • Select gloves that fit.
    • Some gloves may be chemical specified and have a life expectancy. Discard them after the recommended time has expired.
    • Remove any rings, watches, or bracelets that might cut or tear your gloves.
    • Wash your hands before and after wearing your gloves.
    • Inspect your gloves before you use them.
    • Look for holes and cracks that might leak.
    • Replace gloves that are worn or torn.
    • After working with chemicals, hold your gloved hands under running water to rinse away any chemicals or dirt before removing the gloves
    • Wash cotton gloves as needed.
    • Avoid borrowing gloves. Gloves are personal protective equipment.
    • Store gloves right side out in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated area.
    • Never wear gloves around powered rotating equipment – drills, lathes, etc.
    • Barrier Creams - Water Repellent Creams are used to protect your hands from caustic chemicals.
    • Solvent-Repellent Creams are used to protect your hands from solvents, oils, and other organic chemicals.
    • Sunscreens protect your skin from the damaging effects of the sun.
    • Vanishing Creams protect your skin against mild acids, and make cleaning up easier.
    • Never substitute a barrier cream when you should use gloves.
    • Forearm Cuffs are used to protect your forearm.
    • Thumb Guards and Finger Cots protect only your thumb or fingers.
    • Mittens protect your hands while working around very cold or hot materials.
    • Hand Pads are often found in kitchens and laboratories.
    • Hand pads protect your hands while working around very hot materials.

    Foot Protection

    Potential Hazards
    Impact Injuries
    • At work, heavy objects can fall on or roll onto your feet. If you work around sharp objects, you can step on something sharp and puncture your foot.
    • Injuries from Spills and Splashes
    • Liquids such as acids, caustics, and molten metals can spill into your shoes and boots. These hazardous materials can cause chemical and heat burns.
    Compression Injuries

      Heavy machinery, equipment, and other objects can roll over your feet. The result of these types of accidents is often broken or crushed bones.

    Electrical Shocks

    If not protected, your feet can suffer from frostbite if you must work in an extremely cold environment. Extreme heat, on the other hand, can blister and burn your feet. Finally, extreme moisture in your shoes or boots can lead to fungal infections. Some examples include:

    • Accidents involving electricity can cause severe shocks and burns.
    • Extremes in Cold, Heat, and Moisture

    Oil, water, soaps, wax, and other chemicals can cause you to slip and fall.


    Poorly maintained machinery, tools, sloppy work areas, and cluttered aisles all contribute to foot injuries.

    Preventative Measures
    • Steel toe footwear protects your toes from falling objects and from being crushed.
    • Metatarsal footwear has special guards that run from your ankle to your toes and protect your entire foot.
    • Reinforced sole footwear has metal reinforcement that protects your foot from punctures.
    • Latex/Rubber footwear resists chemicals and provides extra traction on slippery surfaces
    • PVC footwear protects your feet against moisture and improves traction.
    • Butyl footwear protects against most ketones, aldehydes, alcohols, acids, salts, and alkalis.
    • Vinyl footwear resists solvents, acids, alkalis, salts, water, grease, and blood.
    • Nitride footwear resists animal fats, oils, and chemicals.
    • Electrostatic dissipating footwear conducts static electricity to floors that are grounded.
    • Electrical hazard footwear is insulated with tough rubber to prevent shocks and burns from electricity.
    • Disposable footwear includes shower slippers, clear polyethylene and nonwoven booties used in dust free work areas.
    Wearing and using Safety Footwear
    • Select and use the right safety footwear for the job you are going to be performing.
    • Safety footwear should meet or exceed the standards set by ANSI (ANSI Z41-1991).
    • Avoid safety footwear made of leather or cloth if you work around acids or caustics.
    • Select safety footwear that fit.
    • Inspect your safety footwear before you use them. Look for holes and racks that might leak
    • Replace safety footwear that are worn or torn.
    • After working with chemicals, hose your safety footwear with water to rinse away any chemicals or dirt before removing your footwear.
    • Avoid borrowing safety footwear. Safety footwear is Personal Protective Equipment.
    • Store footwear in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated area.
  • Scaffolding

    Scaffolding Safety


    • General
    • Scaffolding Terms
    • Construction Practices Common to all Scaffolds
    • Independent Tied Scaffolds
    • Mobile Tower Scaffolds
    • Truss Scaffolds
    • Slung Scaffolds
    • Drop Scaffolds
    • Scaffolding to Tanks & Vessels
    • System Scaffolding
    • Special Scaffolds
    • Portable Ladders

    Potential Hazards

    • Collapse of scaffolding
    • Falls from scaffolds
    • Falling objects off of scaffolds
    • Electrical shock


    • Scaffolding tubing is nominally 2" diameter pipe free from cracks, surface flaws and other defects. Any scaffold pipe which requires a high degree of maintenance such as wire brushing or scraping shall be replaced. The ends of scaffolding pipe should be cut square with the axis of the tube. Painting of scaffold tubes is not recommended and should be only for identification purposes


    • Fittings shall be examined before use in order to ensure all moving parts are free and well lubricated for easy and positive movement. Acid baths are an acceptable method of maintenance prior to oiling the moving parts of fittings. Heat should not be applied during maintenance. All fittings used shall be in accordance with British Standard 1139: Specifications for Couplers and Fittings for Use in Tubular Scaffolding.


    • Scaffold boards shall meet the following specifications:
    • 1-1/2" thick by 9-1/4" wide. Boards less than 1-1/2" thick are unacceptable. Boards greater than 1-1/2" thick shall not be wider than 9-1/4". All boards shall meet the requirements detailed in OSHA 1926. 451
    • Boards with splits are unacceptable.
    • Boards with knots larger than 2" are unacceptable.
    • Grain shall run the length of the board.
    • Warped boards are unacceptable.
    • Board ends must be bound with hoop irons.
    • Looking at the edge of a board, not more than half of the depth shall be knot wood.
    • Boards shall not be painted or treated in any way that may conceal defects. Ends may be painted for identification purposes.
    • Boards shall not have oil, grease or any other liquid spilled on them to where a fire or slipping hazard could be created. These boards shall be replaced.
    • Notched boards shall be cut square and rebounded with hoop irons before use.
    • Boards after use should be cleaned, stacked flat and raised above the ground height by cross battens for storage.


    • Scaffolding and the area around scaffolding is to be maintained in a clean and orderly fashion. Special attention is required to ensure that blasting material (grit) does not build up on scaffold boards.

    Scaffolding Terms for Tubular Members

    • Board Bearer (Intermediate Transom): A tube spanning across ledgers between transoms to support a work platform.
    • Brace: A tube incorporated diagonally across two or more members in a scaffold and fixed to them in order to ensure stability.
    • Guardrail (Also wrongly known as Handrail): A tube incorporated in a structure to prevent the fall of a person from a platform or access way. The tube is to be 36" - 45" above the deck.
    • Handrail: Tube used on stairs before permanent handrails, banisters, etc., are fitted to prevent the fall of a person.
    • Ledger: A tube spanning horizontally and tying a scaffold longitudinally. It may also act as a support for board bearers or transoms.
    • Midrail: A tube incorporated in a structure midway between the guardrail and deck.
    • Puncheon: A vertical tube supported otherwise than upon the ground or abase plate.
    • Raker: An inclined load-bearing tube having a bearing on the ground or on an adjacent structure.
    • Reveal Tie: A tube which is jacked or wedged between two opposing surfaces, e.g. a window opening (reveal), or to assist in tying a scaffold to a building or structural support beams.
    • Standard (Upright): A tube used as a column or vertical in the construction of a scaffold, and transmitting a load to the grounds deck or grating via a base plate and sole plate.
    • Tie: A tube used to connect a scaffold to a rigid anchorage.
    • Transom: A tube spanning across ledgers to tie a scaffold transversely, which may also support a working platform.

    General Terms

    • Base Plate: A metal plate with a spigot for distributing the load from a standard, rakes, or load bearing tube. Should be used in conjunction with a sole plate when used with a standard.
    • Bay: The space between two adjacent standards along the face of a scaffold.
    • Board: A softwood board used to provide access, a working platform, and protective components such as toe boards.
    • Buttress: A well braced tubular structure erected against an existing scaffolding structure to strengthen it.
    • Castor: A swivelling wheel with a locking device secured to the base of a vertical member for the purpose of mobilizing the scaffolding.
    • Clip: Used to fix a board to a scaffold tube.
    • Column Box-Tie: Two-way tie secured to a vertical column with tubes forming a 'box' around the column.
    • Coupler: A component used to fix scaffold tubing together.
    • Decking: A close boarded scaffold platform.
    • Extension Bracket: A bracket secured to a standard to enable boards (usually two) to be placed between the inner standards of an independent scaffold and a wall or structure. Generally not used with tube and clip scaffolding, but for framework fitting.
    • Hanging Wire: Wire rope used for suspending and anchoring slung scaffolds (minimum diameter 3/8 inches).
    • Hoop Iron: Metal band fitted to the ends of board to prevent splitting.
    • Junction: The intersection of a series of tubes.
    • Ledger Bracing: Tubes secured diagonally between lifts, from ledger to ledger or standard to standard in order to ensure stability.
    • Lift: The height from the ground or deck to the lowest ledger, or the vertical distance between two adjacent ledgers.
    • Longitudinal Bracing (Face or Facade Bracing): Tubes secured diagonally across the face of a scaffold to ensure stability.
    • Parallel Coupler: Short tube secured longitudinally across an end to end joint in tubing, to strengthen the joint. Not to be used instead of a joint or sleeve in uprights.
    • Scaffold Lashing: 3/8" diameter rope or 1/4" wire used for lashing ladders, boards, etc. Not to be used for suspending or anchoring scaffolds, or for lifting operations.
    • Sole Plate (Spreader): A timber or other member of adequate size and suitable quality used to distribute the load from the base plate over an area of ground, deck, or grating. To extend a maximum of 2' either side of the upright.
    • Stiles: Vertical members of a ladder.
    • System Scaffolding (Unit formwork, Kwikstage, or Frame Scaffolding): The term used to describe scaffolding is composed wholly or partly of purpose made frames or units.
    • Toeboard (Kick Board): A board positioned along the edge of a platform in order to prevent per-sons, tools, and materials falling from the platform.
    • Two-way Tie: A tie which prevents movement of the scaffolding both to and from the building or structure to which it is secured.
    • Unit Beam (Truss): A purpose made lattice beam incorporated into a scaffold structure to form a bridge where openings are necessary. These can be bolted or jointed together.
    • Work Stage (Staging): Purpose made decking for use on towers, trestles, roof trusses, or frames.
    • Suspension Scaffold: A two-point suspension scaffold (swinging scaffold), the platform of which is supported by hangers at two points, is suspended from overhead supports so as to permit the raising or lowering of the platform to the desired working position by hoisting machines.

    Construction Practices Common to all Scaffolds

    • Protective equipment
    • Use of safety Harness
    • Foundations
    • Standards
    • Ledgers
    • Decking
    • Guardrails & Toe boards
    • Access
    • Scaffold covers
    • Incomplete scaffolding
    • Inspections
    • Base
    • Intermediate lifts
    • Working lift
    • Miscellaneous
    • Independent Tied Scaffolds
    • An independent tied scaffold consists of a double row of standards connected together longitudinally with ledgers and with transoms at right angles to the ledger. Braces and ties are essential for stability. It is the most common form of access scaffolding and is divided into three groups.

    Group Workload Use

    • Light duty, Painting and cleaning, 15lbs/ft2
    • General duty , Material being deposited on work platform, 37bs/ft2
    • Heavy duty , Heavy material being deposited on work
    • platform, 60 lbs/ft2

    For General Requirements

    • Mobile Tower Scaffolds
    • Design, loading and dimensions
    • For use internally
    • For use externally
    • Foundations
    • Standards
    • Ledgers and transoms
    • Ties
    • Guardrails and Mid rails
    • Decking
    • Access
    • Operation
    • Limitations
    • Truss Scaffolds
    • A truss scaffold is cantilevered out from a building or structure and used where it is impractical to erect conventional scaffolding based upon the ground or another surface. It is a form of light independent tied scaffold which is entirely dependent upon the building or structure for support and stability.
  • Smoking



    • Medical evidence indicates tobacco smoke is a significant health hazard to both the smoker and the non-smoker, and we seek to provide a healthy workplace for all of our employees.
    • To address these health concerns and promote a healthful working environment, JOS has decided to ban smoking except in designated areas of all company owned/ concession /rented areas, not available to the general public where we conduct business, and all company-owned or leased vehicles.
    • All persons on the premises (JOS) - including contract workers and visitors- are expected to comply with the smoking regulations detailed in this policy.
    • We will impose no higher standard on the general public or on employees engaged in personal pursuits that is imposed by either the law or society.
    • Therefore, Company owned/ leased/rented areas that are available to the general public or areas devoted primarily to employee recreation are excluded from area (s) which we can realistically declare smoke free.
    • Smoking shall be permitted only in designated rooms and areas that are specifically designed to eliminate passive smoker; that is all air exhausted to the outside of the building and/or the smoke contaminated air is not re-circulated to the A/C unit.
    • This includes owned/leased areas devoted primarily to employee recreation.
    • A sign stating “Smoking Permitted” must be displayed inside building smoking areas.
    • The absence of such sign means “No Smoking”.

    No Smoking Areas

    • Any enclosed space within the buildings, except as noted in paragraph S7.1.2. For example all work areas, private offices and common areas.
    • Any outside areas where fire or safety hazards exist and areas within 35 feet of hydrocarbon or chemical storage areas will be designated as no smoking areas.

    Smoking Areas

    • Smoking will only be permitted outside the Buildings at ground level and within open-air courtyards or in designated Building smoking rooms meeting the criteria of section S7.0 POLICY paragraph 4.
    • Smoking shall be permitted in Company concession Cabins at the discretion of the occupants.
    • JOS Vehicles- no smoking
    • Signs- appropriate signs will be displayed in all no smoking areas.
  • Waste Management

    Waste Management

    What is waste?

    Materials that are no longer usable because of:

    • decay
    • corrosion
    • leakage
    • contamination
    • expired
    • broken
    • spilled
    • Materials that are the residue of an activity
    • and/or production process
    What is Waste Management?

    A comprehensive system that will enable JOS to:

    • Minimize waste generation.
    • Ensure that all waste generated is disposed of in a safe, timely, efficient, cost effective and compliance with safety and all environment policies and regulations.
    Policies & Regulations
    • Environmental Management:
      • Environmental Impact Assessment Libyan Gov’t Act no. XXXXXX on Environmental Management
      • Those who damage or pollute the environment shall pay compensation to those whose rights have been violated
      • Intentional violations are punishable by up to 10-15 years in prison and/or Rp 500MM-750MM
      • Businesses which propose business activities must study the significant environmental impacts of the proposed activity as part of the decision making process
      • An analysis of environmental impacts constitutes part of the feasibility study of business plans and/or plans of activities
    • Hazardous & toxic waste (B3 waste) definition :
      • any waste containing dangerous and/or toxic material which may damage the living environment and/or endanger human health
    • Treatment of B3 Waste aim :
      • To eliminate or reduce the hazardous and toxic properties of B3 waste so as not endanger human health and the environment
      • Every person and corporation is prohibited to dispose of B3 waste directly into water, soil and air
      • Enterprises carrying out collecting, transportation or processing shall acquire the following permits
      • Producer, collector, transporter and processor of B3 waste shall be responsible for emergency response and pollution of the environment as a result of emission or spilling of B3 waste
      • Drilling mud and cuttings and oil bottom sludge is categorized as B3 waste
      • Characteristic test of B3 waste consist of : explosive, burnable, reactive, toxic, infectious and corrosive
    Waste Minimization
    Effort to minimize waste generation are made from stages:
    • Planning
    • Procurement
    • Handling and Transportation
    • Storage
    • Usage

    Evaluate waste minimization options, by reviewing opportunities for:

    • Reduce or eliminate waste, volume or toxicity
    • Recycling
    • Reclaiming
    • Other treatment
    • Take a pilot test for evaluation
    • Plan and encourage lifecycle assessment in the development of every process to limit waste generation, discharges and emissions
    Procurement Process:
    • Carefully estimate the amount of required materials to avoid excess material
    • Minimize the variety of materials ordered
    • Minimize surplus inventory and potential waste
    • Negotiate with suppliers to return the excess materials and/or containers
    • Select low-volume, low toxicity products whenever feasible
    Handling and Transportation:

    Proper handling and transportation are required to minimize waste generation, include physical check on:

    • Delivery Condition
    • Proper Packaging
    • Marking and Labeling
    • MSDS
    • Proper Loading / Unloading
    • Transportation Method
    • Proper storage method
    • Pre-check on delivery conditions (quality, quantity, packaging, MSDS, documentation)
    • Preparation of space layout design
    • Foundation and containment
    • Proper materials placement
    • Regular physical check and inventory stock

    Use up all materials on location to minimize waste generation, includes:

    • Optimization of consumption
    • Sufficient material usage control
    • Proper tools and proper handling
    • Reuse in other location
    Waste Identification and Handling
    • Categorization
    • Volume estimation
    • Segregation
    • Temporary storage and handling
    • Administration
    • Documentation
    • Waste code
    • Performance metrics
    Waste Categorization
    • Hazardous waste
    • Non-Hazardous waste:
      • Non-Hazardous industrial and oil & gas field
      • Domestic waste
    What makes a waste Hazardous?
    • Declared by its generator
    • Included in the hazardous wastes list in Libyan Government legislation XXXXXXXX
    • Contains one or more of following features:
      • Explosive
      • Flammable
      • Reactive
      • Toxic
      • Infectious
      • Corrosive
    • Any mixtures of hazardous wastes with other materials
    • Unknown waste
    Typical Hazardous wastes in JOS's Operations
    • Used battery
    • Used lubricant
    • Used chemical (corrosive / poison)
    • Sludge
    • Drilling mud
    • Drilling cutting
    How to handle unkown waste materials?
    • Treat As Hazardous Waste
    • Employees At The Point Where The Container Originated Are Responsible For Identifying The Material
    • Waste Which Cannot Be Identified Must Be Sent To A Lab To Be Analized
    • Mixture Of Hazardous And Non-Hazardous Wastes In One Container Results In Whole Container Being Classified As Hazardous Waste
    • Non-Hazardous Industrial and Oil & Gas ield waste
    • Typically Includes ONLY Wastes Associated With Industrial Processes
    • Cannot Be Sent To A Municipal Waste Landfill
    • Should Not Be Mixed With Domestic Waste Such As Garbage Or Construction Waste
    • Example Of Non-Hazardous Industrial Waste :
      • Assort. Used Filters (Exclude Oil/Fuel filters)
      • Used abrasive materials, rust, etc.
      • Sump sludge
      • Unused non-hazardous chemicals and supplies
    Examples of Non-Hazardous Oilfield waste
    • Produced sand and other well solids
    • Excess cement slurries and cement cutting
    Domestic Waste
    • Normal, everyday garbage / waste generated at cafetarias (galleys), office facilities, and living quarters
    • Packaging wastes
    • Volume Estimation on Site: To make proper and accurate calculation on further transportation, budgeting, storing and other requirements
    Types of waste based on volume measurement
    • Liquid
      • Measured by volume
    • Semi Liquid
      • Measured by volume or weight
    • Solid
      • Measured by weight
    • Waste Segregation
    • Proper waste segregation at the point of origin is critical to the whole waste management chain
    • Each location is responsible for organizing space and containers, and develop a system to assure proper waste segregation
    • All waste shall be segregated according to their general physical and chemical characteristics
    • Prior to disposal, waste must be segregated into:
      • Hazardous waste: Solid, Liquid and Gas.
      • Non – hazardous waste >> Solid: bio-degradable- wood/paper- glass - metal - rubber/plastic- liquid
    Temporary Storage & Handling Hazardous Waste:
    • stored max 90 days from 1st drop
    Stored in proper warehouse:
    • Flood-free
    • Geologically stable
    • Accommodate waste characteristic and procedure to mitigate pollution
    • Stored separately from other waste
    • Placed in 15-55 gallon (60-220 liter) polypropylene (plastic) or drums exclusively for a specific hazardous waste
    • Temporary Storage & Handling
    Non-hazardous Industrial Oil & Gas Field Waste:
    • Should be collected, accumulated and stored in separate containers
    • Temporary Storage & Handling
    • Domestic waste:
      • Accumulated in trash baskets or bins used exclusively for this category
      • Regular trash containers equipped with lids or nets to avoid waste escape during transportation or storage
    Waste Administration:
    • All waste materials must be properly identified, with marking and labels
    • All hazardous waste packages must have valid MSDS in its shipment
    • All undefined waste will be returned to its point of origin for identification
    • Documentation
    Waste Manifest required for its shipment shall include:
    • Type, characteristic, quantity and date of 1st drop of waste in the container
    • Type, characteristic, quantity and time of delivery
    • Name of transporter
    Waste Code:
    • Shall comply with Libyan Regulation no. XXXXXXXXXXX
    Performance Metrics

    Metrics which will apply should consider performance measures, such as:

    • Percentage of waste shipments from offshore to shore base which conform to waste segregation guidelines
    • Reduction in waste volumes generated
    • Percentage of wastes recycled
    • Number of waste management inspections
    • Percentage of employees undergoing waste management training
    Waste Disposal

    Waste cannot be legally disposed of unless it has been handled according to the following procedures:

    • Approval
    • Packaging
    • Handling and Transportation Method
    • Disposal Alternatives
    • EGA approved transportation and disposal facility for Hazardous Waste.

    Must be packed properly to prevent any leakage/ damage during transportation and handling. Types of packaging usually used are:

    • Metal: marine portable tanks, cutting boxes
    • Plastic: plastic drums, trash bags, rice sacks
    • Wood: wooden boxes, plywood boxes
    Hazardous Waste Packaging
    • Good quality containers, constructed to prevent leaking during shipment or due to changes in temperature, humidity, pressure or vibration
    • Packaging (include closures) must be resistant to chemical or other actions of wastes
    • Materials of container must not contain substances may react with the contents
    Handling and Transportation Method
    • Waste handling is series of operations including the collecting, segregating, recording, packaging, labeling and transporting of waste
    Hazardous Waste Labeling
    • As soon as the FIRST DROP of hazardous waste is placed in a container, a label should be attached to the container
    The Hazardous Waste Label should include the following:
    • Waste name and type of hazard
    • Accumulation date (date of 1st drop of waste)
    Waste Transportation
    • Process of moving waste from the generator to the collector and/or to the processor, including to the place of final disposal using transportation facilities
    • Waste is to be transported by land and/or sea
    Transporting Hazardous Waste
    • Performed by an EGA approved hazardous waste Transportation Company
    • Accompanied with complete waste manifest
    • Shall be carried out by special transportation facilities, which meet both transportation requirements and procedures as stipulated in goverment regulations
    Disposal Alternatives
    • Re-use
    • Recycle / recovery
    • Return to vendor / manufacturer
    • Donate to Local Authority
    • Dispose at Waste Management Company
    • Send to Junk Dealer / Reclaimer
    • On-shore disposal (burn, landfill)
    • Return to Vendor or Manufacturer:
      • Unused chemical
      • Bulk containers
      • Used batteries
      • Unused paints
      • drums
      • Use contract provisions wherever possible to require takeback
    • Dispose at Waste Management Company :
      • Disposal of Hazardous waste
      • Disposal must be at facilities permitted under Libyan Goverment Regulation XXXXXXXXXXX
      • All requirements on packing, labeling, transporting, etc should be fulfilled
    • Send to Junk Dealer (Reclaimer) :
      • Steel scrap
      • Junk drums
      • Plastic scrap
      • Soft drink cans
      • Glass

Download our Profile of year 2014

40+ Completed Projects

Jabel Oilfield Services is a well established Leader in Libyan Oilfield Industry, we do not only focus on completing our projects in a timely manner; but our core strategy relies in establishing an organization where our workforce will like to work while providing best of their experties. Completion of following projects is result of our such carefully crafted strategies:

List of Completed Projects

  • Construct new work shop (Hanger) at UMM EL FOROD plant / Bida field.
  • Construct handrail at EL_DOR / Bida field.
  • Construct handrail at EL-KATLA Bida field.
  • Construct handrail at EL-HAMADA field.
  • Replacement of Oil Line for Well nos. C-51, C-137, C-1 at Sarir field.
  • Replacement of water-de saltier lines at MESLA.
  • Carried out water drainage at EL-NAFORA.
  • Cleaning of set of plants at SARIR.
  • Construct 6" dia. water Lines at plant no. (686-6112-679) for water injection.
  • Construct Oil Well 4" dia. At plant No. 1-6-9.
  • Carried out sand cleaning inside the Accommodation area at EL-NAFORA.
  • Field cutting of some parts of trees.
  • Construct handrail for football sports ground.
  • Carry out sand cleaning on wells at MAJD field.
  • Construct sand walls at MAJD field.
  • Construct steel handrail at MAJD field.
  • Construct Mobile Accom. building roof together with Electrical/ water & sewage connection.
  • Construct water tanks inside Accommodation area at MAJD field.
  • Carried out complete grounding for swimming pool.
  • Construct Aluminum doors at MESLA filed.
  • Modification of Toilets at Guest House.
  • Construct 500 pipe supports (RAKS) at SARIR field.
  • Construct new pipe connection, 3" dia. For water supply & connected to wells no. 151,152, at SARIR field.
  • Construct cable concrete channel at SARIR field.
  • Maintenance of Nine Accommodation building at SARIR field.
  • Construct handrail for Accommodation & Industrial zones at SARIR field.
  • Supply & install Generator, 500 KVA for SARIR Refinery.
  • Construct refrigerator at MAJD field
  • Construct steel handrail for Accommodation area at MAJD field.
  • Replacement of 6" oil line at HH43 MESLA field.
  • Replacement of Loop extension on wells no. HH 43, HH11, HH.
  • Construct wall at MESLA field.
  • Construct set of Concrete foundation at MESLA field.
  • Construct 300 pieces of pipe supports at MESLA field.
  • Execution of MESLA field Airstrip.
  • Supply and construction of 4 Hangers – NAFORA Oil Field and Tobruk
  • Manpower Supply & Service Contracts with Waha Oil Company (R-124 ).
  • High line project - Waha oil company south Defa / Faregh
  • Contract number 35/2010 Harouge Oil Operations
  • 10'' trunk line at 5 J area (Waha field) waha oil company

Note: If execution and hand over certificates are required for a specific project then JOS can provide these documents based on formal request from client.


jabel oilfield services is focused on providing quality-oriented solutions to its clients

jabel oilfield services is focused on providing quality-oriented solutions to its clients

Contact us

Please do not hesitate to contact us for any business enquiries.

Contact us
Head Office at Tripoli, Libya

Tel: +218-21-483-0594
Tel: +218-21-484-3226
Fax: +218-21-361-3798
Near to British Council, Seyahiya, Tripoli - Libya.

Benghazi Branch

Tel: +218-61-224-1340

Rajab Elborgi
Chairman / General Manager
Waheed Bassili

Email: info@joslibya.com
Website: www.joslibya.com

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